Quick Guide To Buying Tires, When You Don’t Know Anything About Tires!!! III Of III


Here are some frequently asked questions about tires:

Common tire questions

What driving habits negatively impact a tire’s life?

  • Taking curves and corners fast
  • Abrupt accelerating and braking. This can cause excessive heat that wears the tire out more quickly
  • Hitting curbs, potholes, etc.

How do you extend the life of a tire?

In addition to driving responsibly, there are other ways you can prolong tire life:

  • Check wheel alignment as recommended by your car maker

Image result for women buying tires at a tire store

What is the correct air pressure for your tires?

Find your optimal operating tire inflation pressure in the owner’s manual and on a sticker located on the inside of the driver’s door.

Can you mix tire types?

Performance is best when all 4 tires are the same size, tread pattern and age. Tires that vary in those factors can cause handling and stability problems. However, some cars have different size tires in the front and rear, so check your owner’s manual.

Can you mix tires with different speed ratings?

Generally, not recommended. It could affect handling and maximum speed limit.

When should you use winter tires?

Winter tires are generally used when the temperature remains consistently near freezing. Winter tires can provide improved grip on icy and snowy surfaces, and are one way you can prepare your car for driving in the snow.

Image result for Common tire questions

Should winter tires be used only in snow?

Usually, if temperatures drop and you’ll be driving in rain, ice, snow or other wintery conditions. When temperatures stay above freezing, change to summer or all-season tires.

Can you use summer tires in the winter?

This is not usually recommended. Cold weather can cause softer summer tires to lose grip, develop cracks and shorten tire life.

Should you purchase used tires?

This is not typically recommended. You may be unaware of past hazards or mistreatment the tires underwent.

Choosing the right tires and knowing how to care for them is critical to safe driving. Get more tire safety tips, so you can keep yourself and your tires in top shape on the road.

Image result for women coming home opening the door

The Rest Of The Story

After work she was ready with her tire size, type and knowledge. Walked into “Goodyear Tires Company” order her tire, the technician put the tire on, and she put the tire back in her spare tire space within her car. Drove home and told her husband and family all about her tire buying experience.


Image result for women buying tires at a tire store

In Conclusion 

To the average person buying new tires ranks pretty far down on the list of things most people want to do with their time and money, right next to replacing a failed water heater. While you might overspend on your next water heater, at least there will be a flow of warm water to wash the pain away.

Not so with tires. A poor choice of replacement rubber will haunt you every driving day for the next three to six years. The wrong tires will pound your neck, assault you with constant whining, cause your beloved sporty car to handle worse than a pickup, or scare you witless when it rains. Plus, buying new rubber is intimidating for the unprepared: Tires appear identical. Each manufacturer claims all its tires are superlative in every area. All cost more than you’d budgeted, which was “nothing.” And newer vehicles require replacement components for their tire pressure monitoring system (TPMS).

But this process doesn’t have to be so painful. I hope these are simple tips to make the tire-buying experience a little better. (Mac Demere Jun 5, 2012)



What Does Community Mean To Us. Part III Of III

In Conclusion: Dave says it best: When he polls random students of  a college “community

Image result for What does community mean to you?

Dave by the Bell: What does community mean to you?

We use the word community a lot on the Appalachian State University campus, so we thought we’d ask what it means to our students.


  • Dave: Appalachian State University students answer the question, “What is ‘community’ to you?”

    Voice 1: “I’d say community to me is just a group of people who live and work together in a way that benefits everybody equally.”

    Voice 2: “I believe community is the people and cultures just coming together. Unity.”

    Voice 3: “To me, community is people interacting with each other peacefully in the same environment.”

    Voice 4: “Community is being able to greet somebody and go in a space and not feel alienated or impersonal.”

    Voice 5: “Community to me is a sense of belonging amongst like minded people.”

    Voice 6: “Community is a group of people living in the same area working towards a common goal.”

    Voice 7: “It’s people who come together because they believe in the same thing and they are passionate about the same thing, and they work together to make sure that thing happens. So, for me, that’s social justice.”

    Voice 8: “Community to me is a group of people that care about one another. They may be united over an issue like the LGTB Center that we’re in right now, or they may just be a group of friends. But it’s people that care about each other enough to create a system of love and support for one another.”

    Voice 9: “I think that community is a group of individuals that whether because they come from the same place or live in the same place or are working towards a common goal find it in themselves to work together and support each other.”

    Voice 10: “Community is a group of people who are together who are working towards a common goal who have the same beliefs and help each other out through the hard times.”

    Voice 11: “Community to me is a sense of support around you from a big group of people who are just welcoming and supportive and loving of you.”

    Voice 12: “I guess community to me is a sense of belonging and an organization…a team as well. Everyone has a collective task and a collective goal, trying to better themselves. Not only personally and individually, but as a group as well.”

    Voice 13: “This is a good question but I need to brainstorm.”

    Voice 14: “What is the question?”

    Voice 13: “‘What is community to you.’”

    Voice 14: “Oh. This is a community!”

    Voice 13: “This is a great community.”

    Voice 14: “Everyone just kind of works together and helps each other out, and it’s encouraging.”

    Voice 13: “Yeah, encouraging one another!”

    “That’s community.”

    “And challenging each other in a positive way. And supporting each other. Community.” (http://appalachianmagazine.org)

    Related image


Quick Guide To Buying Tires, When You Don’t Know Anything About Tires!!! II Of III


Image result for Tire Buying Guide

How to read a tire’s sidewall

The diagram below shows where you’ll find this information on a tire.

Note the code on the sample tire above is P195/60R16 85H. The table below shows what each abbreviation in the code means.

P Service Description

P = “passenger car”LT= “light truck”ST = “special trailer”T = “temporary”

195 Tire Width

Tire section width – distance from sidewall edge to sidewall edge. The higher the number, the wider the tire.

60 Aspect Ratio

Tire section height compared to its section width. Lower numbers mean a short sidewall with improved steering & handling.

R Internal Construction

R = radial construction

16 Rim Diameter

Wheel diameter, in inches, for which the tire was sized.

85 Load Index

Measurement of how much weight each tire is designed to support. The larger the number, the higher the load capacity.

H Speed Rating

Speed the tire is designed to run for long periods.S = 112 mphT = 118 mphU = 124 mph

H = 130 mph

V = 149 mph

Z = Over 149 mph

W = 168 mph

Y = 186 mph

(Y) = Over 186 mph

Another factor to consider in buying tires is tread-life warranty– an estimate based on the type of tire and the number of miles it can be expected to travel under normal driving conditions.

Image result for Tire Buying Guide

Types of tires

Now that you know tire terminology, consider the type of tire best suited for you and your car.

Type of Tire Description Speed Ratings Tread-Wear Warranty (miles) Best For
All-season tires Cost-effective tires offer a smooth ride, long tread wear and adequate traction on dry and wet conditions None, S, T 40,000 – 100,000 Cars and minivans

Older cars & climates that rarely drop below freezing temps

Performance all-season tires Typically offer better handling and braking than regular all-season tires H, V 40,000 – 60,000 Cars & minivans

Newer cars

Ultra performance tires Provide good handling and steering in wet and dry conditions ZR, W, Y 30,000 – 40,000 Cars & minivans

Upscale sedans or sports cars

Summer tires The softer rubber provides maximum traction on dry and wet roads in warmer weather Cars & minivans

Warmer climates

All-terrain tires Best for paved roads and light-duty, off-road use S 40,000 – 60,000 Light trucks & SUVs

Fit for most weather conditions – good for SUVs & other 4-wheel drive cars

Winter tires Tread is designed for snow and ice; rubber can withstand freezing temps Q, S, T None Areas that experience wintry conditions
Performance winter tires Enhanced winter traction offers high-speed handling and higher levels of snow and ice grip Q & up None Areas that receive an increased amount of snow and ice

When selecting tires, consider:

  • Weather conditions you commonly drive in
  • The worst weather situations you would expect to face
  • Where you usually drive – city streets, highways, etc.
  • Your driving style


Always make sure you select tires that are appropriate based on your owner’s manual and your tire distributor’s recommendation.

Continue To III Of III

What Does Community Mean To Us. Part II Of III

In this big, wide world, we ask again:
Image result for What does community event mean

 What does “community” even mean? A definition attempt & conversation starter Fabian Pfortmüller

While shopping for groceries a few weeks ago, I picked up a pack of salad and flipped it around to learn about its origin. Immediately something caught my attention: my salad was inviting me to join its “Facebook community”.

If even my salad has / is a community, what does “community” even mean?!

“Community” has a definition problem

As someone who works with communities on a daily basis and has studied hundreds of them over the last couple of years, I sense a lot of confusion. The term is used as a catch-all phrase for anything that has to do with a collection of human beings, from the very tangible to the very abstract.

I see 2 problems:

Image result for people acting nice

1) Most “communities” are not real communities

I get the sense that the term “community” is really hot in the advertising/marketing/sales/startup/event space, because it alludes to more than just a transactional customer-company relationship. But most of the “communities” I come across, are in my opinion not actual communities. I hear the word being used, when really the authors mean a series of monthly events, a Facebook page, a group of customers that has loyalty towards a specific brand, a yearly conference, all customers of an e-commerce brand, social media followers, everyone who uses Twitter, people who happen to vote the same way, etc.

Image result for The dictionary definition is vague and outdated

2) The dictionary definition is vague and outdated

Here is how the dictionary defines “community”:

Image result for thinking

I think the traditional definition of community is outdated. It is mostly based on shared location: “a group of people living in the same place”. That’s what community used to be, historically. But for many of us, our village or neighborhood isn’t anymore our key definer of identity or fellowship. As this article in the Atlantic points out beautifully, we have shifted from, traditionally, being born into a community to, now, choosing our own communities and expressing our identities through them.

I think the traditional definition is missing a key piece. “A feeling of fellowship with others, as a result of sharing common attitudes, interests and goals”: this part comes closer to modern forms of communities. Everyone in it has something in common. However, I think it’s too broad and vague. I have so, so many attitudes, interests and goals that I share with other people. But that doesn’t mean yet that I’ll feel a sense of community with them. For that, it needs relationships. More on this piece below.

Image result for update

We need to update what “community” means

With the traditional definition being somewhat outdated and the term being used broadly by marketers, brands, entrepreneurs, event organizers, social media managers etc. in so many ways, I think we are missing out on the true power that “real” communities can have.

We need to update what “community” means in today’s world. And maybe we’ll have to find ways to differentiate between different kinds of communities. As there is no singular figure of authority in this space, I imagine this will best happen as a series of conversations among community builders. To kick off this conversation, I offer an attempt at defining “community”:

Community = a group of people that care about each other and feel they belong together.Let’s take that apart:

Image result for group of people

  • “A group of people”: in the end of the day, a community always exists of humans. That seems obvious at first, but I see a lot of use of the word that is dehumanized and abstract: “the marketing community”, “the international community”, “the St. Clarke’s Streets community”, the “AirBnB community”. In the end, we are talking about real humans with real lives, real stories, real hopes, real dreams.
  • “that care about each other”: this is in my opinion the absolute core of a community. The individuals in a group are not just random strangers, they have relationships with each other. They give a shit about each other. They care more about the people in this group than about the average person they meet on the street. This is where the magic of a community happens. When people care about each other, they develop trust. And trust unlocks collaboration, sharing, support, hope, safety and much more. While most organizations in the world optimize their performance towards external goals, communities optimize for trust.
  • “feel they belong”: communities address one of the most fundamental human needs: we want to be loved, we don’t want to be lonely and we want to know that we belong somewhere. Real communities give us this sense of home, this sense of family, this sense of “these are my peers”. This is my tribe, this is where I belong. In this group, I am being accepted for who I really am.
  • “together”: a community gives people a sense of shared identity. We are together. The sum is bigger than the individual parts. This shared identity matters, because it takes the group beyond individual, 1:1 relationships. It turns strangers into trusted peers through a proxy effect: even though I don’t know you, I trust you more than the average person because we are part of the same community, we share the same identity. Many of us express our interests, ambitions and goals through the people we spend time with — communities become part of our identity.

Image result for common purpose

What about a community having a common goal / purpose?I see a lot of community definitions that are a version of the following:A community = a group of people that care about the same goal.In my personal opinion, this definition does not qualify as a community, unless these people have trusted relationships with each other. Why? Because there are so many things in the world where people come together with a shared goal / purpose / attitudes / interests: project teams, companies, political movements, etc. They are groups of people that care about the same goal, but they are not communities.I argue we need a way to differentiate those goal driven channels from groups that are heavily relationship based aka communities.Why does this matter? It matters, because ultimately project teams, companies and political movements optimize for an external output (aka whatever their goal is). But communities, in my opinion, optimize for something else: the relationship and trust among themselves. I think the two entities have very different impact in the world.Communities, of course, can still have shared goals as well. One way to look at that is to differentiate between the internal purpose of a community (we take care of each other) and the external purpose (we have a collective goal). I believe that every community needs to have an internal purpose first to truly function as a community. Without trust and relationships, it becomes a project, an initiative, a movement. But maybe communities with internal purpose are powerful channels to have external purpose?How do YOU define “community”?I’d love for this to be a conversation starter and would LOVE to hear what “community” means to you. If you leave comments or message me, I’ll make sure to collect all the answers and report back. Thank you!

Continue to Part III Of III