Divorce And How It Affects Us!!! Part II

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Divorce affect us all in many different ways, in part II  “Divorce and How it Affect Us,” I will show the similarities and differences of how divorce affects us: as individuals, legally and financially !!!

How Divorce Affects  Women

Feeling Guilty

The psychological effects of divorce on women are far-reaching, but one of the most basic emotions is guilt. This can be true if the woman initiated the divorce or not. Women in both situations may feel at fault for not working hard enough to make the marriage work, explains life coach Cindy Holbrook on her website for divorced women. If the woman initiated divorce, she may feel a sense of guilt for the demise of the marriage. This is especially true if there are children involved as women may feel as though they are responsible for breaking up a family and causing emotional trauma.

Experiencing Depression

The end of a marriage is devastating to both parties. Women, especially, may feel saddened by the sudden loss of their marriage. Their dreams for the future may be wrapped up in their marriage, and now that hope for the future appears to be gone. Increased responsibility combined with the realization that the life they envisioned no longer exists correlates with the fact that women are more likely to suffer from depression three years after a divorce, suggests Rocky Mountain Family Council.

Feeling Anxious

After a divorce, one may experience a great deal of anxiety. The future is uncertain and therefore, so is one’s security. Women may experience more stress as they may have solely or mostly relied on their husbands for financial support. Trying to figure out how to support themselves, and often times a family, may prove to be difficult. Despite this, there are many things one can do to lessen anxiety including eating healthy, meditating and exercising.

Positive Effects

Some of the effects of divorce can affect women’s lives positively. There are many factors that influence this, but many women report feeling a sense of relief especially if the relationship was particularly stressful towards the end. Mediator Kathleen O’Connell Corcoran explains that women may have a greater support system than men. Because of this, when they experience setbacks, they are likely to turn to them for comfort and guidance and move through the issues. Finally, women may be more likely to expand their personal and professional roles, suggests Corcoran. In the past, they may have limited themselves by focusing solely on their duties as wives and mothers. Now, they may seek out new careers, volunteer opportunities and social networking that will increase their esteem.(LiveStrong.com)

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  1. Women initiate divorce twice as often as men

  2. 90% of divorced mothers have custody of their children (even if they did not receive it in court)

  3. 60% of people under poverty guidelines are divorced women and children

  4. Single mothers support up to four children on an average after-tax annual income of $12,200

  5. 65% divorced mothers receive no child support (figure based on all children who could be eligible, including never-married parents, when fathers have custody, and parents without court orders); 75% receive court-ordered child support (and rising since inception of uniform child support guidelines, mandatory garnishment and license renewal suspension)

  6. After divorce, women experience less stress and better adjustment in general than do men. The reasons for this are that (1) women are more likely to notice marital problems and to feel relief when such problems end, (2) women are more likely than men to rely on social support systems and help from others, and (3) women are more likely to experience an increase in self-esteem when they divorce and add new roles to their lives.

  7. Women who work and place their children in child care experience a greater stigma than men in the same position. Men in the same position often attract support and compassion.(www.mediate.com)

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They Lose Their Sense Of Identity

“My key breakthrough was realizing that I was defining myself with respect to my marriage,” said Denbaum. Even with multiple degrees and a successful career, he found himself lost in the process of his divorce. “I made the marriage the be all and end all, and when I saw that crumbling, I felt like my identity was crumbling.”

So what do you do? In order to rebuild confidence post-divorce, Denbaum suggests getting involved in a new activity or organization. “One really powerful thing for me was joining a non-profit group called the Mankind Project,” he said. There, he found his way to the New Warriors Men’s Organization, where he would meet weekly with groups of men going through hard times, coming together to listen and help each other in “a non-judgmental way.”

Their Paternal Instinct Is Challenged

“For me, family has always been important,” says Denbaum. “I grew up in a happy family, and I never doubted for a minute that I would get married and raise one of my own. I think just as there are maternal instincts in women, there is a paternal instinct in men.” He describes part of this paternal instinct as a longing to belong with the status quo, and to be a provider.

“If a man is feeling distraught or shameful [because of the impact his family is feeling from divorce], he might disappear from the picture,” said Denbaum. “Which is why most post-divorce men need to remain connected to their children, if they have them.”

When men maintain relationship with their kids, it eases those feelings of shame, and can re-instill that lost sense of belonging. “The love that can flow back and forth between you and your children is very healing in itself,” he said.

They Don’t Allow Themselves To Grieve Properly

“Bottling up feelings with no outlet leads men to experience feelings of depression,” said Denbaum. “As someone with no biological predisposition, I definitely think that the breakup of my marriage brought me to experience physiological problems like high blood pressure and mental ones like my battle with depression at the time.”

Rather than following this level of stress into a no-way-out mentality, Denbaum suggests that men see marriage counselors, regardless of the current state of their marriage. “I started seeing a marriage counselor on my own, before my divorce. My then-wife joined in for a while, but I continued on my own, even after the divorce was finalized, he said.

“Men have to break though the ‘I’ve got to do it myself and go it alone’ attitude,” he said. “Women are so much better about relying on one another, and this whole ‘big boys don’t cry’ mentality has had an entirely negative impact on men’s well-being.”

From The Many Stories From Your Tango:

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  1. Men are usually confronted with greater emotional adjustment problems than women. The reasons for this are related to the loss of intimacy, the loss of social connection, reduced finances, and the common interruption of the parental role.

  2. Men remarry more quickly than women.

  3. As compared to “deadbeat dads,” men who have shared parenting (joint legal custody), ample time with their children, and an understanding of and direct responsibility for activities and expenses of children stay involved in their children’s lives and are in greater compliance with child support obligations. There is also a greater satisfaction with child support amount when negotiated in mediation. Budgets are prepared, and responsibility divided in a way that parents understand.

  4. Men are initially more negative about divorce than women and devote more energy in attempting to salvage the marriage. (www.mediate.com)

More Effect

Depression

When a man loses his wife and his family, everything starts to go down the drain. Without help full blown depression can follow. Suddenly they feel they are in a pit that they cannot get out of. They start losing their grip on reality, losing interest and motivation, affecting every facet of their life leading to self-destruction.

Anger

Regardless of your disposition, divorce can totally change you. The anger that you feel towards those who’ve caused you pain and towards yourself can manifest in ways that even you would be surprised.

Loss of Self Esteem

When the women who promised to be there through thick and thin says she no longer wants to do anything with you, pride will be the first one to take a nosedive. Self esteem follows as you feel the whole foundation of your being shatter.

Loss of Status

Society judges a man by what he has, not by what he is. Divorce can bring all of the things you’ve worked so hard to achieve come crashing down. What will all those around you think when you’ve just lost your family? Will they treat you differently now? Will their self respect towards you be affected? Questions such as these will affect you and your status in many ways.

Alcohol and Drugs

To numb the pain and in order to get some form of relief from all the pain that one feels, one may turn to alcohol and even illegal substances. The problem is, the more one depends on these temporary relievers the more they start to drift away from the real solution.

Difficulty Trusting Women

The most damaging effect of divorce on men by far is the difficulty in trusting women or other people for that matter. While they may indeed recover from all the other effects mentioned above, they may also harden themselves to protect from further pain. This prevents them from ever developing new or lasting relationships that they need in order to make them whole again.

Divorce and its effects on men is one of the most difficult and painful situations that one will be faced with, but it is not impossible to overcome. As long as you are willing to take steps in order to make things better they eventually will, and while the pain and suffering that you might be feeling now is unbearable, in time they will pass as well.

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  1. Smoking habits

In a study published in the March 2013 edition of Public Health, researchers at the University of Toronto found that both sons and daughters of divorced families are significantly more likely to begin smoking than peers whose parents are married. In an analysis of 19,000 Americans, men whose parents divorced before they turned 18 had 48 percent higher odds of smoking than men with intact families. Women had 39 percent higher odds of picking up the habit. Lead author Esme Fuller-Thomson called the link “very disturbing.”

  1. Ritalin use

Dr. Strohschein, a sociologist at the University of Alberta, wanted to know what was behind the increase in children prescriptions for Ritalin over the past two decades. And so, in 2007, she analyzed data from a survey that was conducted between 1994 and 2000. In it, 5,000 children who did not use Ritalin, and were living in two-parent households, were interviewed. Over the six years, 13.2 percent of those kids experienced divorce. Of those children, 6.6 percent used Ritalin. Of the children living in intact households, 3.3 percent used Ritalin. Strohschein suggests that stress from the divorce could have altered the children’s mental health, and caused a dependence on Ritalin.

  1. Poor math and social skills

A 2011 study by the University of Wisconsin-Madison found that children of divorced parents often fall behind their classmates in math and social skills, and are more likely to suffer anxiety, stress, and low self-esteem. The reason that math skills are affected is likely because learning math is cumulative. “If I do not understand that one plus one is two,” lead researcher Hyun Sik Kim says, “then I cannot understand multiplication.” Kim says it is unlikely that children of divorce will be able to catch up with their peers who live in more stable families.

  1. Susceptibility to sickness

In 1990, Jane Mauldon of the University of California at Berkeley found that children of divorce run a 35 percent risk of developing health problems, compared with a 26 percent risk among all children. Mauldon suggests their susceptibility to illness is likely due to “very significant stress” as their lives change dramatically. Divorce can also reduce the availability of health insurance, and may lead to a loss of certain factors that contribute to good health, including constant adult supervision and a safe environment. The risk of health problems is higher than average during the first four years after a family separation, but, curiously, can actually increase in the years following.

  1. An increased likelihood of dropping out of school

A 2010 study found that more than 78 percent of children in two-parent households graduated from high school by the age of 20. However, only 60 percent of those who went through a big family change — including divorce, death, or remarriage — graduated in the same amount of time. The younger a child is during the divorce, the more he or she may be affected. Also, the more change children are forced to go through, like a divorce followed by a remarriage, the more difficulty they may have finishing school.

  1. A propensity for crime

In 2009, the law firm Mishcon de Reya polled 2,000 people who had experienced divorce as a child in the preceding 20 years. And the results did not paint a positive picture of their experiences. The subjects reported witnessing aggression (42 percent), were forced to comfort an upset parent (49 percent), and had to lie for one or the other (24 percent). The outcome was one in 10 turned to crime, and 8 percent considered suicide.

  1. Higher risk of stroke

In 2010, researchers from the University of Toronto found a strong link between divorce and adult risk of stroke. However, the vast majority of adults whose parents divorced did not have strokes. “Let’s make sure we don’t have mass panic,” said lead researcher Esme Fuller-Thompson. “We don’t know divorce causes stroke, we just know this association exists.” She says the relationship could be due to exposure to stress, which can change a child’s physiology. She also noted that the time at which these children experienced divorce was in the 1950s, when it wasn’t as socially accepted as it is today.

  1. Greater chance of getting divorced

University of Utah research Nicholas H. Wolfinger in 2005 released a study showing that children of divorce are more likely to divorce as adults. Despite aspiring to stable relationships, children of divorce are more likely to marry as teens, as well as marry someone who also comes from a divorced family. Wolfinger’s research suggests that couples in which one spouse has divorced parents may be up to twice as likely to divorce. If both partners experienced divorce as children they are three times more likely to divorce themselves. Wolfinger said one of the reasons is that children from unstable families are more likely to marry young.

  1. An early death

And rounding out the dreary research is an eight-decade study and book called The Longevity Project by Howard Friedman and Leslie Martin. Starting in 1921, researchers tracked some 1,500 boys and girls throughout their lives. More than one-third of the participants experienced either parental divorce or the death of a parent before the age of 21. But it was only the children of divorced families who died on average almost five years earlier than children whose parents did not divorce. The deaths were from causes both natural and unnatural, but men were more likely to die of accidents or violence. Generally, divorce lowered the standard of living for the children, which made a particular difference in the life longevity of women.

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Surging Poverty Levels

Divorce breeds poverty, particularly for women and children. In the first 18 months following divorce, between 77 and 83 percent of mothers and their children live in poverty. With fewer economic resources, most children of divorce experience disruptions – changes in child care, living arrangements and schools – that create turmoil in their lives. Long-term effects of poverty from divorce are most obvious in girls. According to sociologist Molly Martin, girls raised by a divorced parent tend to live on welfare and require public housing as adults. Public dependency continues for their children who, as mothers, are three times more likely to go on welfare.

Children as Victims

Many sociologists believe that societies hoping to flourish and perpetuate must rear children responsibly. In most functioning societies, an intact family helps children develop strong moral character. Lacking such guidance, children of divorce are more likely to behave as social deviants. Specific findings reported by The Heritage Foundation are that these children are more likely to commit minor and serious crimes, run away from home, be suspended from school, smoke cigarettes, abuse alcohol, carry weapons, engage in physical fighting, and use marijuana and cocaine. And both male and female adolescents living in single-parent households have experimented with sex by age 11.

Lagging Academic Achievement

Divorce menaces society by disrupting children’s lives, which makes it harder for them to perform well in school and pursue higher education. Divorced parents who remain single have less time to supervise their child’s schoolwork or become involved in school activities. As a result, their children score lower on tests of cognitive development, verbal reasoning and math and science aptitude. Also, 58 percent of these children are classified as special needs as opposed to 31 percent of children in intact families. As for educational attainment, children of divorce are more likely to drop out of high school or not attend college (Legalzoom.com).

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  • Children whose parents have divorced are increasingly the victims of abuse. They exhibit more health, behavioral, and emotional problems, are involved more frequently in and drug abuse, and have higher rates of suicide.

  • Children of divorced parents perform more poorly in reading, spelling, and math. They also are more likely to repeat a grade and to have higher drop-out rates and lower rates of college graduation.

  • Families with children that were not poor before the divorce see their income drop as much as 50 percent. Almost 50 percent of the parents with children that are going through a divorce move into poverty after the divorce.

  • Religious worship, which has been linked to better health, longer marriages, and better Family life, drops after the parents divorce.

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Capital gains can be a killer

Divorce can come with big tax bills. In many cases, when a couple splits, they may immediately start scrambling to claim or divide assets. It’s not uncommon for a spouse to run and clear out bank accounts, cash in CDs and sell off stocks, bonds and other investments. Blinded by emotion and fear, Cobert said they can be hit with a harsh reality when tax time comes around.

“People are not often aware that there are consequences for taking out certain assets. Spouses may want to get the money or may need it for income, but the taxes can really add up,” said Cobert.

Let’s say the couple had $100,000 of investments in a joint account. If they liquidated portfolio and the cost basis of those stocks was $70,000, they could each be on the hook for $15,000 in capital gains. If the money was in a traditional IRA and they sold off the stock and took the money before they were age 59 ½, they could be not only on the hook for capital gains but an additional 10% penalty, as well.=

Spousal support quickly adds up

The granting of alimony (also known as “spousal support”) and how it is calculated varies significantly from state to state. Alimony is usually paid to the less-advantaged spouse and is often seen as a temporary measure to help them stay on their feet during the separation.

Landers said the first determining factor is the length of the marriage. Although it can vary, in most jurisdictions a couple must have been married for at least ten years for alimony to be a consideration. Other factors include how old the spouse is, whether or not they have a job, how much they earn, any other assets they have, the nature of the dissolution of the marriage, and the need.

“There is no set formula. It’s very subjective. You could be in the same state, have two different judges, and the same set of circumstances, and end up with very different conclusions,” said Landers.

Cobert also said it can vary widely, but in general, the “resource spouse” might have to pay 50% of their income minus 40% of the income being earned by the non-income spouse. Others say it often works out to ensure that both homes have around the same average income. Often, if there is a child involved, child support is the priority and is calculated first. In any case, if alimony payments are awarded, the paying spouse could have to pay a significant amount of their income to the other spouse for a number of years.

“It’s usually determined by the judge. That’s why we recommend Alternative Dispute Resolution so both parties can come to a fair agreement,” said Cobert.

Don’t forget the legal fees

No matter how amicable a divorce may be, there are going to be significant legal fees. Attorney fees add up quickly because, when combined, the couple is paying for not just one, but two legal teams. Even an amicable do-it-yourself-divorce can still cost over $1,500 in many jurisdictions. Landers said the problem is that when a relationship deteriorates to the point of divorce, very few couples do it amicably.

“If they were able to do it amicably, they might be able to go with mediation and it might not cost a lot of money. But if they were that amicable, they might not be getting a divorce,” said Landers.

And the more a couple disagrees and fights it out in court, the more expensive it becomes. Throw in a custody battle and a fight over alimony and assets, and legal fees could easily top $100,000 in many states. Things get even worse and more expensive when the spouses stop talking to one another and communicate only through their attorneys.

Cobert said ADR (Alternative Dispute Resolution) and mediation has grown more popular in recent years as a way to more amicably and cheaply handle divorce disputes. He also recommends the couple consult with a Certified Divorce Financial Analyst who can analyze their assets and circumstances and help them proceed with the separation in a way that makes the best financial sense for both.

“More people are using CDFAs to run the numbers and come up with optional settlements. It’s usually a lot better to try to keep it out of the courts,” he said.

“The Financial Impact of Divorce” was written by Craig Guillot.   

After all the tears and pain of Divorce, I promise you, one day soon, the sun will come out!!!!

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Divorce And How It Affects Us!!! Part I

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The Other day I was listening in on a conversation of two people that met on date sight. They was at a sports bar having a after dinner snack, when I heard the women say, “are you single or divorced,”  and the man answered divorced. As he continued talking I thought to myself, “Wow I wonder about how divorce is going to affect that relationship,” then I though with the amount of divorces in America “close to fifty percent” I wonder what is the effects divorce on all of us. That’s how this blog came about.  

In 2010, Paul Amato published a review of research on divorce in the prestigious Journal of Marriage and Family. Here is the key take-away:

“At the end of the 20th century, 43% to 46% of marriages were predicted to end in dissolution. Because a small percentage of marriages end in permanent separation rather than divorce, the common belief that about half of all marriages are voluntarily disrupted is a reasonable approximation.” (Psychology Today)

So Paul Amato’s answer was yes: It is true that half of all marriages end in divorce or a permanent separation. And because this phenomenon occur so frequently I thought I write a blog about the “Effect of Divorce” and how most of Americans are actually  feeling.

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Divorce is: The dissolution of a marriage is almost always an unhappy event, at the very least marked by disappointment and the loss of dreams and expectations. In addition, there are usually many legal, financial, parental, emotional, and practical aspects that requires changes in responsibilities and routines, and it can take people years to regain equilibrium. Nevertheless, divorce serves an important function in legally—and emotionally—freeing people to form a more stable relationship.

One of the most significant events of the 20th century was the changing role and improving status of women in private and public life, along with greater expectations for happiness. Those same changes brought about a much talked-about rise in divorce rates and liberalization of divorce laws. Infidelity and financial upheavals are significant causes of divorce, but the major causes are emotional; partners grow emotionally distant, experience disappointments because of unmet (and often unrealistic) expectations, or develop separate visions of life.

The liberalization of divorce laws has fueled non-adversarial approaches to marital dissolution, such as negotiation and mediation. Such practices are especially beneficial for children, for whom divorce is almost always deeply distressing and whose needs are often overlooked in the process.

It is commonly believed that 50 percent of marriages in the U.S. end in divorce, but that is not the case. It is now estimated that only a third of marriages will face dissolution over time. Divorce is on the decline especially among the most educated. Experts believe that is because the educated marry later, when they are more mature and have had some relationship experience.

With marriage now deeply rooted in personal choice, people need an array of skills to work out the inevitable difficulties and disappointments that arise and lead to divorce(Psychology Today)

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Psychology of Divorce is both a legal process as well as a psychological process. The legal process is important but the psychological process and how it is played out by the couple largely determines the tone and the nature of the divorce. If the divorce begins badly it will end badly. And if it begins gentle there is a good chance that it will end amicable and constructive. The key is in understanding the emotional positions of the parties at the beginning, when one of the partners first states that he /she wants a divorce.

The most important psychodynamic of the divorce is the issue of mutuality and how it develops. In very few divorces do the two partners mutually decide on a divorce at the same time. Invariably, after some long period of reflection and consideration, one of the partners will decide that she can’t take the discomfort of the marriage anymore and is determined to end the marriage. Such decisions are not made lightly or impulsively. I have found that it is not unusual that the “initiator” has been ruminating about divorce for years. He or she has had an opportunity to mourn the loss of the dream associated with the marriage, has had time to think through what an alternative life would be like and has begun to prepare emotionally and in other ways for the end of the marriage. She may have made new friends who are not linked to her mate, may have started to achieve new credentials to be able to better earn money and in general started to live a new life.

The other partner, who we call the “non-initiator” may be anywhere on a continuum from resigned acceptance to utter shock and surprise. To the extent that the two partners are nearly equal the divorce can begin more easily. He announces he wants a divorce citing many years of unresolved unhappiness and numerous unsuccessful attempts at counseling. And although she might have been inclined to try a little longer she agrees that he is probably right and that they out to get divorced. In this situation the decision is nearly mutual and both are almost ready to begin negotiating the divorce. Contrast this situation with one in which he makes the same announcement but she reacts with surprise and terror. She is committed to the covenant they made in their wedding vows and believes that marriage is forever no matter what. She is aghast at the damage a divorce would do to the children and she is filled with fear for her loss of place in the community and the changes that would be necessary. She is outraged that he could even consider divorce and declares her complete opposition. This couple is in trouble.

Divorce is about change. There is often change in housing. There are economic changes, none of which are comfortable. There is change in social status and in the way the children’s lives are managed. And for most of us change is not welcome, often involves loss and often is scary. For the initiator there is a trade off. There will be uncomfortable changes and inevitable losses. But because life will improve-stress will be reduced, there will be an opportunity to find a more suitable mate, dating may be an exciting prospect— the losses are experienced as offset by the gains. For the non-initiator it depends where that person is on the continuum. If the decision to divorce is mutual or nearly mutual the non-initiator probably has also thought of the potential improvement in life, or if he hasn’t yet will quickly be able to do so. But for the non-initiator who is surprised or who doesn’t want the divorce there has been no opportunity to grieve the marriage, to make plans, to develop alternate scenarios or to prepare to be single there is nothing but loss and fear. And until the non-initiator has time to think things through and to come to emotional terms with the divorce he or she will not be ready to engage in reasonable discussions about how the partners should go about separating their lives.

If good divorce is possible only when both are ready to negotiate the burden of timing falls on the initiator. If you are the one who wants out you have to give your partner time to adjust, time to mourn and time to explore his/her own possibilities. Push too fast and your spouse retreats to the perceived safety of a lawyer who she thinks will “protect” her interests. Then you will have a long divorce. Although it is counter-intuitive the initiator of the divorce has a huge investment in the spouse feeling safe. So how the opening scenes are played is critical. When telling the spouse that you want a divorce you must use neutral language. “Our marriage hasn’t worked and I don’t think it will in the future so I want a divorce.” is neutral language. “I’m sick and tired of your bitching and selfishness and I can’t wait to get away from you.” Is provocative and will only assure defensiveness, denial and retaliation. So if you are the one to end the marriage planning how you will discuss it with your spouse and planning how you will manage while she/he comes to terms will largely determine whether your divorce is successful or simply a nightmare.

If you want to understand more I have fully described this process in an article called “Litigation, Mediation and the Psychology of Divorce” in The Journal of Psychiatry and Law. You can find the article on my website www.sammargulies.com

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How might divorce affect me emotionally and physically?

Overall, divorced adults have worse physical and mental health compared to married adults. Divorced individuals frequently face:

Unhappiness. Divorced adults, on average, are less happy.

Depression. Divorced individuals, particularly women, are more vulnerable to depression. They have higher levels of stress, lower levels of psychological well-being, and poorer self-esteem.

Health problems. Divorced individuals see doctors more often, are more likely to suffer from serious illness, and have lower life expectancies.

False intimacy. Some divorced women and men (especially) substitute casual sex for closeness and intimacy. This may eventually produce greater feelings of loneliness, unhappiness, and lower self-esteem, and can even lead to substance abuse.

Substance abuse. Divorced adults, especially men, drink more alcohol than married adults, putting them at risk for addiction.

Divorce is not a reliable path to personal happiness. Those who do adjust to divorce the best tend to be younger and have more education, income, and social support from family and friends.

How might divorce affect my social life?

Research has found that divorce commonly affects an individual’s social life in the following ways:

Loneliness. On average, divorced individuals say they are lonelier.

Lost social network. Divorced individuals often lose contact with in-laws, married friends, and neighbors.

Fading relationships with co-workers. Sometimes relationships with co-workers fade following a divorce.

Distancing of close friendships. Your divorce may push away your close friends. It may cause them to worry about their own marriages, and they may distance themselves from you. Divorced individuals may feel socially awkward and may struggle to fit into a new social life.

Decreased contact with children. Divorced men are at great risk of losing contact with their children; most divorced fathers do not have regular contact with their children within a few years after the divorce.

Part II will explain in detail the effect of divorce on: Women, Men, Children, On society: Financially and Legally   

 

How To Get Your Car Ready For A Long Snowy Winter Part 3

Next, you might be the type that just don’t drive in the winter for many different reasons, and it’s your choice, So if you have to store your vehicle for the winter here is some tips: 

Five Tips For Storing Your Car During Winter

 

The cold season is fast approaching, and that’s a very tough time for a car, especially if you want it to stay new for as long as possible. Or maybe you just spoiled yourself by purchasing a beautiful classic car? In either case, if you are considering storing your car during the winter months, here are a few things to remember:

  1. First, make sure that the area where you plan to store your car is dry and safe, and that there aren’t any rodents that could cause damage to any components. There are some products on the market that will repel the pests, and it’s wise to block all orifices they could climb into, such as the tailpipes and air vents. It’s also good to lower the windows by a few centimetres to avoid trapping humidity in the cockpit.
  2. All vehicle fluids should be topped up, including fresh engine oil that will make restarting much easier the following spring. Keep the fuel tank full to prevent condensation, and add a fuel stabilizer to help avoid oxidation and deposits in the fuel system. The tires should be inflated to their maximum pressure according to the indications on their sidewalls, which will help prevent the formation of flat spots.
  3. The battery can be removed from older cars, but with all the computer technology on board modern vehicles, it’s best to leave it connected and use a smart battery charger.
  4. The car should be thoroughly washed and waxed to remove dirt from the bodywork. Make sure that it has had time to dry completely before putting on a car cover. The latter should be of good quality, made with material that breathes.
  5. Should you start the engine a few times during winter? It’s not necessary, but if you really feel like it, the engine should run for at least 20 minutes to ensure that it is warmed up properly and to avoid condensation.

 

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Here’s what you should consider when preparing for winter car storage

  1. Storage location

Choose a safe and dry building to house your car during the winter. A home garage, can work just fine. If you don’t have a garage, look for a storage facility that has a concrete floor, not bare earth like in an old barn. The facility does not need to be climate controlled but should not have excessive moisture.

  1. Check engine oil

Pull the dipstick to observe the engine oil. If it is really dirty and you’ve reached the mileage limit, change it before storage. Otherwise you can wait until spring and start the season with fresh oil. The most important factor with engine oil is kilometres used. Modern oil, especially synthetic, is stable for a year in the engine. Fogging the engine is not necessary unless you are storing a vehicle for longer than a year.

  1. Wash and clean

Before parking your car for the final time, wash and fully detail it to ensure there are no contaminants left on the surfaces for the duration of the storage period.

  1. Top up fluids

After washing the car, go for one last drive to the gas station to evacuate the water from the crevices. Fill your gas tank and add a fuel stabilizer such as STA-BIL. Let the car run for five minutes to allow the stabilizer to flow through the fuel system. Also check that other fluid levels, especially anti-freeze, are topped up.

  1. Tires

At the storage facility, inflate your tires to the maximum PSI rating (indicated on the sidewall). I use a portable air compressor in my garage. This will prevent the tires from developing flat spots. It is not necessary to remove modern radial tires and it is not advised to put a car up on blocks and leave the suspension hanging for an extended period of time.

Leave the car in neutral with the parking brake disengaged. Automatic transmission cars can be left in park otherwise block tires to prevent moving. The car should be parked on a level surface.

  1. Ventilation

Roll down the window an inch to allow air circulation and prevent moisture from building inside the cabin.

  1. Battery

Opinions vary but I take my battery out. I bring it in the house, leave it on a piece of wood and connect it to a battery maintainer/tender, not a trickle charger. The maintainer I use is a CTEK 3300. Some newer cars require that the battery stay connected at all times to preserve the computer’s memory. In this case, it’s okay to connect the tender to the battery while keeping the hood ajar to run the cables into the engine bay.

  1. Pest prevention

Rodents love to find their way into your car and make it their cozy home during the winter. This can wreak havoc if they chew wires. As a precaution, place a ball of steel wool in the exhaust pipe opening and air inlet, laundry fabric sheets inside the cabin and trunk and moth balls around the outside perimeter of the car.

  1. Cover

Use a high quality tight fitting cover that will allow the car to breath.

  1. Other considerations

Moisture barrier:

It is common practice to put a tarp or plastic sheet on top of the concrete floor that you will be parking on to act as a moisture barrier. I don’t do this because my garage is sufficiently dry and my car is undercoated.

Drop insurance:

Those with newer vehicles may want to cancel the liability and collision portion of their insurance to save during the off-season. However, always maintain comprehensive (fire, theft and acts of god). Most classic car policies do not allow the option to temporarily suspend part of the coverage.

Leave it be:

A lot of people think starting a car every few weeks during storage is a good idea. Unless you intend on taking the car for a good drive, simply letting it idle is actually detrimental because condensation will build through the various systems and not properly burn-off. And don’t be tempted to take it for a drive on a “nice winter day.” After all, you don’t want to go through the entire process again. Best policy is let sleeping bears lay to rest. Absence makes the heart grow fonder and you will appreciate your beloved ride more when you finally get to bring it out of storage in the spring.

These are the steps and precautions I take for winter car storage. There are additional measures that can be taken but without going to extremes, this process has served me well through many storage seasons.(www.wheels.ca)

Lastly, There is also a process I take when bringing my car out of storage in the spring that you can read here:

Top 5 tips for bringing your car out of winter storage   

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Top 5 checklist for bringing your car out of winter storage

  1. Inspect Battery

The most important item to check is the condition of the car’s battery. I hope that you had the battery on a maintainer/tender during the storage period? Look at your maintainer to see that the battery is fully charged. If not, put it on a charger, although the integrity and life of the battery will likely be compromised if the charge has completely depleted. Bottom line, do not attempt to start a stored vehicle with a half drained battery. And don’t boost it. There’s nothing worse that trying to crank a cold engine for the first time in months with a weak battery.

When connecting the battery, check the cables and terminals for corrosion/oxidization and clean if necessary. Some modern cars require the battery to remain connected at all times to maintain the on-board computer memory. In this case, a battery maintainer still needs to be used during storage.

  1. Test Engine oil

Pull the dipstick to see if there is adequate oil in the engine and add if needed. This oil is now old and should be changed at your earliest opportunity, even if you changed it just before storage. Don’t skip this step. Fresh oil is cheap insurance for the health of your engine.

  1. Examine Other fluids

Check the fluid levels for coolant, power steering, brakes and fuel. Did you put fuel stabilizer in the tank before storage? If not, add octane booster and get high-octane gas in the tank. Old gas will make the engine run rough so adding fuel stabilizer is an important precaution prior to storage.

  1. Perform a Visual check

Look in the engine bay and under the car for signs of fluid leaks. Observe the electrical wires and hoses, looking for cracks and deterioration. Take a screwdriver/wrench to the various clamps that make up the fuel system to ensure that they are tight. Look for signs of unwanted visitors like mice who are notorious for chewing electrical wires. Basically, you want to do a thorough visual check on the key mechanical components before you start the car for the first time and embark on that initial drive of the season.

  1. Check Tires

Check tire pressure and correct as necessary to bring to the suggested PSI rating indicated on the sidewall. Look for cracks and bulges in the rubber.

Other items

Look at the brakes to ensure there is adequate pad and rotor material. Look at the suspension components and pull on the control arms and tie-rods to check for excessive play. Check the exhaust and remember to take the steel wool out of the tail pipe or whatever you use to prevent rodents from entering.

Now that you’ve done your due-diligence to ensure that your stored vehicle is good to go, put the key in the ignition and fire it up. Expect the engine to run rough at first as it will take several minutes for the fuel to fully circulate to enable a smooth idle. Let the engine idle up to operating temperature before you hit the road. Take it easy in the beginning. Remember, this car hasn’t been driven for months so don’t push it hard on the first run.

The above checklist may seem excessive but it is important to ensure that your hobby car is ready for the season ahead. You don’t want to be disappointed with mechanical problems resulting from overlooking an important detail in preparing to bring a vehicle out of prolonged storage. Spring is just a few weeks away and with lots of heavy rain to wash the salt and crud off the roads, classic cars will be back on the scene. Just watch out for all the potholes – you’re hobby car will be less forgiving than the daily (www.wheels.ca)

Hey we are finally finished, and our car is ready for the winter, garaging, or not, and/or to be stored, and I hope that I gave you enough information that you, hopefully won’t have any problems this winter. Also I hope this post was truly helpful to in you decision making process of transitioning your car for warm weather driving to cold weather driving!!!! Happy Driving !!!!

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How To Get Your Car Ready For A Long Snowy Winter Part 2

 

Image result for  garage or not garage, your car in the winter OR Image result for garage or not garage, your car in the winter

One of the major questions after preparing your care for the winter is,where to put my car for the winter? Also, am I hurting my car if I put it in the garage, carport, on the street, or in the driveway?  Let me help you with that question.   

  1. HOW PARKING IN THE GARAGE IN WINTER CAN DAMAGE YOUR CAR. (Not Beneficial Mechanically}    

January 20 2017 |

Posted in: NewsTips |

Unless you can afford to buy a new car more often than you have to, you do everything you can to protect it from damage and corrosion. One of the best ways to do that is to park your car in the garage, right?

In the summer, the garage protects your car’s paint and finish from overexposure to the sun’s damaging rays and rust-inducing rain. During winter storms, your car is cozy inside the garage not getting covered with snow and ice.

That’s all true. But it’s not the entire story. It’s well known that the salt we pour on our roads in winter is the enemy of your car’s body panels and undercarriage. Without getting into too much high-school chemistry, salt causes metal to rust.

So just about any winter driving can be bad for your car’s metal parts, which is just about the whole thing.

What most of people don’t realize is that parking their car in the garage in winter can make the rusting effects of road salt even worse, and here’s how.

  1. The salt-filled snow and slush that clings to your car is bad, but it’s not that bad if it remains frozen.
  1. When you park your car in the garage, even if it isn’t heated, the slush can melt from the heat of the engine. The water that results from the melted slush increases the rust-causing properties of the salt. That can lead to more rust damage than if the car remained outside.
  1. The dampness in your garage does not quickly evaporate because of winter’s cooler temperatures and the lack of ventilation. That means your car can be wet for longer periods than it is dry. That prolonged wetness gives salt more time to do its dirty work.
  1. Every time you take your car out and bring it back in again, the whole corrosion-causing process repeats itself.

If you park your car in the garage in winter, try to wash it as often as you can to reduce your chances of premature corrosion and body repairs.(www.leonsautobody.com)

 

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2.Car In The Garage In Winter: Good Or Bad? Beneficial Personal

During the long winter months, we’d all prefer starting a warm car and heading out without having to brush the snow off of it; that’s why many houses are built with an attached garage. However, are we actually harming our vehicle by parking it in the garage every day?

A car that’s comfortably stored in the garage will obviously be sheltered from the foul weather we’re used to putting up with during the winter season. The problem is when we get home, especially in the middle of a storm when our vehicle is covered in snow and ice, and we park it directly in the garage. The snow will melt, of course, and the warmer temperature combined with humidity and salt residue will inevitably accelerate oxidation. That means rust.

Those of us who wear eyeglasses know what happens when we step inside after being in the cold for a while; condensation immediately fogs up our lenses, and that same phenomenon happens on various mechanical components of our car. Some of them are prone to rust, such as the exhaust system and the radiator. In addition, the vehicle’s rubber seals could deteriorate more quickly with the high temperature shifts.

On the other hand, there are advantages to leaving the car in the garage. The essential fluids like the engine oil will be thinner, which lubricates internal parts more quickly at start-up, and there is no need to brush any snow or scrape the ice off the vehicle, which means less chance of damaging the paint job and the windshield wipers.

There are as many advantages as disadvantages when it comes to parking a car in the garage every day in winter. We recommend not heating the garage too much; an ambient temperature about five degrees Celsius will suffice in wintertime. In addition, making sure the area is well ventilated will allow our vehicle to dry up more quickly and reduce humidity. So if You want to store your car what should you do?

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10 More Personal Benefits For Leaving  Car In The Garage (Not Mechanical Benefits)   

1. Safe from the elements- rain, snow, wind

This is probably one of the most obvious, but rain, snow, wind and other weather elements are enemies of a car’s exterior. They can leave dirt and acid on a vehicle that can cause significant damages to the exterior, like rust and a weakened top clear coat.

2. Protects from dings and scratches from elements or other vehicles

Hail and falling tree branches are just a couple examples of ways a car can get damaged from simply being outside. Dents, scratches, and broken windows are all possible exterior problems that can occur when a vehicle is left outdoors.

3. Keeps vehicle from the sun and temperature extremes

UV rays from the sun can damage a vehicle in ways most car owners don’t consider. Extreme hot and extreme cold can both lead to deterioration of the inside and outside. Read more about UV damage here.

4. Keeps those riding in the vehicle safe from elements

When a vehicle is parked in a garage those riding in the car do not have to be exposed to any elements. It keeps everyone safe from hail, temperature extremes, and other outdoor conditions when getting in or out of the vehicle.

5. Less likely to have theft or vandalism

Cars are a huge investment, and for most they are one of the most valuable things they own. Parking outside leaves a vehicle exposed to vandalism and theft. A garage helps eliminate the temptation for those that want to harm a vehicle in any way.

6. Lower insurance costs

That’s right, some insurance companies offer lower policies for people who store their vehicle in a garage. Saving money is always an advantage.

7. Keeps vehicle’s exterior looking great

Believe it or not, mechanics can tell if a car is stored in a garage or outside. Vehicle exteriors are kept in much better condition when stored in a garage which can lead to greater resale values.

8. Engine stays lubricated

Because a garage keeps a vehicle warm, the fluid and oil are kept in a stable condition which leads to an engine that runs better than one that is kept outside.

9. Coolant stays warmer, heat/AC comes on faster

Also, with a warmer car comes faster AC and heat. On cold days, the heat will warm up faster than being out in the elements. Same is true for extremely hot days.

10. Visibility is ready to go

Forget the ice scraper or dewy windshield. Parking in a garage helps keep windows clear of weather and condensation so there is no need to ride with one head out the window.

If for some reason parking in a garage is not an option, detailing is extremely important to protect a vehicle from the elements. Make sure the car is getting washed and waxed regularly by certified professionals. One way to ensure a regular clean is with unlimited monthly washes from Mr. Clean Car Wash to wash as often as once a day for a low monthly fee.

To get any vehicle, parked in a garage or not, ready for any weather conditions visit the nearest Mr. Clean CarWash for a Signature Shine wash or one of their express detail services.

Tags: car owner, Car owners, clean car, condensation, insurance companies offer lower policies, insurance costs, Maintenance, oil, warmer car (www.mrcleancarwash.com)

After making your choice of what is best for your car, out in the air or in the garage. Now let’s test those chose Ideas with the “mythbusters”.

Debunking 5 Cold-Weather Car Myths

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Cold out, eh? Feeling a little overwhelmed by the frigid weather? Tired of not being able to see out of the windshield, of sliding all over the road? PM’s winter guru Mike Allen, born and raised in Michigan’s snowy Thumb, answers cold-weather queries and debunks winter car myths.

1) “Will carrying sandbags in your trunk really improve traction?”

Well, that depends on what you drive. Back in the days when the average car was a front-heavy, rear-drive sedan with marginal bias-ply tires, sure, a hundred pounds of ballast might have made the difference to help you crest that snowy hill. Most cars today are front- or or even all-wheel drive, and even today’s big rear-drive iron has a better weight distribution and way better radial all-season tires. Ballast in the trunk will only hinder traction on front-drive cars and is likely to make you oversteer on slippery surfaces. If you must ballast your rear-drive car or truck, add the ballast as far forward as possible; you’ll still get the traction but not the extra mass so far back.

2) “My mom was telling me how everyone at her office goes out at lunch to run their cars for 10 minutes or so, the theory being that if it starts at lunch, it will start after work. True or False? Is this good practice?”

If the car starts in the morning after cold-soaking all night, it certainly should start after 8 hours parked in the office parking lot. If you’ve got a garage baby that won’t start after a day out-of-doors and needs to be started every 4 hours, maybe it’s time to change the plugs and get it running right. If you start a cold engine and idle it for 10 minutes every day, you stand the chance of diluting the oil with unburned fuel that never gets a chance to burn off. That could cause premature engine wear–not to mention needlessly burning up some expensive gasoline.

3) “I don’t know if it’s because “anything that can go wrong, will go wrong” but why do so many batteries die during the winter? I know a few people that have had car batteries die, two of them because the cables came loose. Is this just a coincidence or is it a result of the cold?”

Winter is tough on batteries, for two main reasons. The engines are far harder to turn over because all the oil inside them has turned to molasses. This demands much more current from a battery, and to add insult to injury, that battery cannot produce its normal amount of energy because of the cold. The chemical reactions that generate electricity are slower at a lower temperatures. Your point about cables loosening is partially related. The huge current demands of the starter motor–200 to 400 amps–can cause the battery clamps to heat up if the connection at the clamp to post isn’t perfect. When the car starts, the connection will cool off. And that leaves a poor connection. And a poor connection can prevent the battery from getting fully charged. A discharged battery, unlike one that’s fully charged, can freeze, damaging it internally.

That said, while more cars won’t start on cold winter mornings, more batteries actually fail during the summer months, when intense heat cooks out the electrolyte, boiling the battery dry.

4) “I noticed that after a few days of heavy snow, the wiper squirters stopped working. I thought it was because they had frozen. My aunt says it’s because of sediment in the tank that clogged it. What’s the likely cause, and how do you prevent it?”

The washer nozzles would freeze right away, not after a few days of subzero temps. And the sediment your aunt is sure is in the reservoir would clog up the nozzles regardless of the temperature. It’s probably snowmelt reflux. Normally, there’s a check valve in the washer-nozzle line to keep that blue fluid (actually just alcohol and some dye) in the lines after you stop washing the windscreen. If the check valve goes bad, the fluid will run back into the reservoir when you stop running the pump. And it can suck melted snow or ice back into the nozzle. Replacing the check valve usually fixes this.

5) “When it’s really cold, the windshield wipers accumulate ice no matter how well I scrape them and even when I have the heat on high, blasting the windshield. In the middle of my commute, the wipers will start streaking, greatly reducing visibility. Is there anything I can do to prevent this? Additives to my fluid? Special wiper blades?”

Extreme weather can overpower the freezing point of the washer fluid, turning it to slush on your windshield. So, the most important thing is to keep the windshield as warm as possible by turning the defroster on to the warmest temperature setting and highest fan speed. Fresh wiper blades might help, or at least try cleaning the blades that you have of accumulated road film by wiping them with mineral spirits and a paper towel. Treating the windshield with Rain-X will leave less washer fluid on the glass to freeze. As a last resort, use methyl alcohol instead of washer fluid in the tank. Washer fluid is already 40 percent methyl alcohol and 60 percent water. If you increase the concentration of alcohol, it will depress the freezing point. You can buy methyl alcohol in the paint department of the hardware store, or sometimes you can find it in the housewares section of a big-box store, labeled as fuel for chafing dishes. Just pour it into the washer reservoir.(http://www.popularmechanics.com)

Next, you might be the type that just don’t drive in the winter for many different reasons, and it your choice, So if you have to store your vehicle for the winter here is some tips: 

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How To Get Your Car Ready For A Long Snowy Winter Part 1

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Winter has finally hit after all these days of Indian Summer and I wasn’t ready to be cold again.  This week in the midwest winter came, with all the fury of a winter storm and my car was not fully prepared for the days of cold, snow, ice, and salt.  So after four days of enduring this crazy cold weather, I have to play catch-up and get my car prepared for the long winter. So here are some tips if you got pushed into winter like I did, this is the first of a three-part series: “How To Get Your Car Ready For A Long Snowy Winter Part 1”

How to prepare your car for winter

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In harsh conditions, a little advance planning can save lives.

 

By Driver Side Staff December 5, 2017

 

WINTER DRIVING

Help your vehicle withstand even the heaviest snowfall.

Barbara Hanselman

This article originally appeared in DriverSide.

When temperatures start to drop, it’s time to get your car ready for winter. The right maintenance, preparation tools can be literal lifesavers in harsh conditions.

Regular maintenance

Now’s the time to get your car up to speed on all of its regular maintenance. That means taking care of any fluids that may have been neglected while you were out enjoying the summer sun or going in for that 60,000-mile tune-up if you’re due. Check, change and/or top off your oil, coolant, and brake and transmission fluid as needed. In the case of your oil or automatic transmission, make sure you get a high-quality filter, too. It may seem like overkill to take care of all of your fluids at once, but it’s worth it in the long run.



Take a look at the car’s brakes too. Are your rotors warped or cracked? Do they have deep grooves or are the pads worn close to their minimum clearance? Your vehicle will be experiencing harsher conditions soon, so nip any potential problems in the bud now. Make sure all your lights are working properly to ensure good visibility. New bulbs only cost a few dollars and are easy to install yourself or have installed when getting your vehicle serviced. The same goes for windshield wipers. If your blades are more than six months old, odds are it’s time to swap them out for new ones. And don’t forget to fill the washer fluid reservoir with freeze-resistant wiper fluid.

Check your tires

Go ahead and have your tires rotated and inspected. The last thing you need in cold, wet weather is to be driving on bald or dry-rotted tires. Err on the side of caution and replace any tires that are too worn.

We’d recommend looking into snow (or winter) tires, depending on your location and the length of time you’ll be spending in the snow. Winter tires are made with special low-temperature-resilient rubber compounds and have deep treads that grip unplowed snow and ice. Even the best all-season tires have compounds that get more brittle as the temperature drops, and when that happens, the tires tend to grip less. The winter tire compound remains pliable when temperatures are low, retaining grip and keeping the car’s safety systems, like all-wheel drive and anti-lock brakes, functioning properly.

At this time, also make sure your spare tire has enough air in it. Once everything looks good, take a look at your tire pressure. With everything up to spec, you’ll get better gas mileage and your vehicle will handle and stop better.

Protect the interior

You can’t discount the impact weather can have on the interior of your vehicle either. If you’re going to spend a lot of time ducking in and out of the elements, you might want to grab some all-weather floor mats. They’re easy to clean and do a great job of keeping the muck in one place. Making sure your windows are clean will also improve visibility and reduce the likelihood of steamy glass.

Maintain the coolant system

Our most important tip is to take the time to get your car’s coolant system checked. Extreme temperatures and harsh conditions can easily knock it out if it’s not up to snuff. If any part of the system comes up with a shaky bill of health, swap the parts for new ones. That means having your car’s radiator pressure tested and the hoses examined for cracks or bulges. Most shops can quickly test radiators without the hassle of removing them from the vehicle.

If you can’t remember the last time your water pump was replaced, or your pump has more miles on it than what the manufacturer recommends, it’s time for a new one. While you’re at it, go for a new thermostat as well—you’ll save money on labor getting these two done at once.

Even if everything under the hood comes up good to go, replacing your engine’s coolant is cheap insurance against extreme temperatures. Over time, antifreeze can actually generate a weak electrical current, which can then cause oxidation and eventually failure inside of your coolant system. You’ll want at least a 50/50 mix of antifreeze and water to provide protection against below-zero temperatures. Keeping everything fresh inside will put less stress on your vehicle’s hardware and save you serious money in the long run.

Stock your car

Stranded by the side of the road can be dangerous in the best of conditions, but when sub-zero temperatures or bad weather is involved, it can be downright deadly. Carrying these supplies may save your life:

  • Blanket
  • Jumper cables
  • Flashlight
  • Chains
  • First-aid kit
  • Small knife
  • Flares
  • A couple energy bars
  • Water gloves
  • Small shovel
  • Waterproof matches
  • Ice scraper
  • A bag of sand or kitty litter to help provide traction if your car is stuck in the snow

A little preparation goes a long way to keep your car running smoothly during the winter months. Not only will the right tools and maintenance protect you and your car from the elements, but they will also keep you safe.(popularscience,com)

Cars are the ways we keep going at this time of the year, then add the winter cold and we have a super hard challenge and a very slow go. Here are some reasons why cold can damage your car, this winter:  

 

Five Ways Cold Can Damage Your Car

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By Jenna Abate, Staff Writer
February 18, 2014, 3:25:58 AM EST

Some mornings you sit in your car and it feels like an eternity before it warms up. Believe it or not, your car can be affected by the cold much faster than you can. As the temperature drops, so do your chances of your car running properly.

Mark Cox, school director of Bridgestone Winter Driving School, and Tom Deutcsh of Lindenhurst Long Island Firestone Complete Auto Care agree these are five problems to watch for this winter.

  1. Your Battery Can Die in Colder Weather. Have it tested. This will prevent going out to your car and finding a dead battery. Keeping vehicles in a garage is one definite way to ensure they will start in subzero conditions. However, if you don’t have access to a garage, it’s important to check the health of your vehicle’s battery before the cold arrives.

Deutcsh advised, “A typical battery can last an average of about three years and usually can handle the cold. Extreme cold pulls voltage from a battery, making it harder for your car to start. A typical battery is most comfortable between 30 and 90 F, so anything below that lower end will give you trouble.”

  1. Fluids Thicken During Dropping Temperatures. Check all your fluids. This includes oil, antifreeze, power steering, brake and transmission fluids.

“When it gets cold, fluids thicken and that will make it harder for your car to get the fluids it need to run properly. Transmission is a big one. That fluid in particular needs to flow quickly, and your car won’t function if it flows at a slow pace,” Deutcsh warned.

 

 

  1. Cold Air Will Take a Toll on Your Tire Pressure. Cox said that most tires lose 1 pound per square inch (psi) for every 10 F of temperature drop. So, checking inflation as the air gets colder is critical. For example, a fully inflated tire at 70 F is five psi under-inflated at 20 F. Under-inflated tires do not perform well and are subject to damage or failure especially in snow and icy conditions.

Cox explained, “A new winter tire is obviously best for winter use, but in deep snow even a half-worn winter tire gives the performance of a new all-season tire. A half-worn all season tire gives the performance of a summer tire, and summer tires should never be used on winter roads.”

  1. Your Wipers and Washer Solvent Will Fail. Make sure to clean the windshield of your car before turning on your wipers. A lot of wiper problems come from windshields not being cleared first and then being turned on. Deutcsh often sees customers with wiper-related issues.

“Blades get torn and wiper transmissions break because extreme weather can overpower the freezing point of the washer fluid. They are just rubber and pressure from snow, ice and slush will break them. That’s why you see people with their wipers tilted up when a snow storm is coming.”

“It’s also a good idea to set the heater and fan controls on defrost and high before you turn the car off at night. This reduces the chance of breaking switches and knobs in extremely low temperatures,” added Cox.

  1. Spark Plug Reliability Weakens During Winter. A bad spark plug, ignition component or clogged filter may cause your vehicle not to start. “As temperatures get colder, you’ll have a hard start with bad plugs or wires they will affect reliability,” said Deutcsh. Be sure yours are in top shape come the winter months.

Cox and Deutcsh say that knowing these five winter car problems can help you become better prepared.

“This year, I’ve seen a lot more battery and start issues but I tell everyone if they had just gotten regular maintenance and check-ups maybe these problems could have been avoided,” Deutcsh said.      

Are you enjoying the tips, well don’t stop having fun, because we continue with part two, “to garage or not to garage your vehicle that is the question?” 

Image result for  garage or not garage, your car in the winter OR Image result for garage or not garage, your car in the winter

Should Mothers Get Paid To Breast Feed?

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New mothers could be ‘bribed’ with £200 or 264 dollars in shopping vouchers to breastfeed their children, following a major five year trial part-funded by Public Health England.

More than 10,000 women living on South Yorkshire, Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire were offered £120 or 154 dollars in vouchers for stores such as Argos, Debenhams, Tesco, Asda and Morrisons, if they signed forms declaring they had breastfed their child for six weeks.

Overall, 46% of all eligible mothers signed up to the scheme and more than 40% claimed at least one voucher, paid for by research councils, medical charities and Public Health England.

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They received a further £80 or 143 dollars if they were still breastfeeding at six months to ‘acknowledge the work’ involved in breastfeeding.

Breastfeeding rates | Around the world

Countries with highest rates after 12 months

  • Senegal (99.4%)
  • The Gambia (98.7%)
  • Malawi (98.3%)
  • Guinea-Bissau (97.8%)
  • Ethiopia (97.3%)

Countries with lowest rates after 12 months

  • UK (0.5%)
  • Saudi Arabia (2%)
  • Denmark (3%)
  • Greece (6%)
  • Canada and France (9%)

Source: The Lancet, 2016

 

Although fewer than half of women took up the offer, and breastfeeding rates were raised just six per cent, the University of Sheffield declared the results as ‘significant, making it more likely to be rolled out nationally.

However critics have argued that there was nothing to stop women using the vouchers for cigarettes and alcohol. They also warned that signing a form did not mean women were actually breastfeeding, and claimed that it penalised women who could not breastfeed.

In an ongoing poll on the Telegraph website asking whether women should be paid to breastfeed, 72 percent of readers said no.           Image result for breastfeeding money incentive  

Principal investigator Dr Clare Relton, from the University of Sheffield’s School of Health and Related Research (ScHARR), said: “Our scheme offered vouchers to mothers as a way of acknowledging the value of breastfeeding to babies and mothers and the work involved in breastfeeding.

“The trial found a significant increase in breastfeeding rates in areas where the scheme was offered.

“It seems that the voucher scheme helped mothers to breastfeed for longer. Mothers reported they felt rewarded for breastfeeding.”

The NHS recommends that mothers exclusively breastfeed their babies during the first six months.

Research has found that breastfed babies have fewer health problems, such as chest infections, and are less likely to develop health problems such as diabetes, or become obese, when they are older.

But currently only one third of children are breastfed at six months, and that just one per cent only receive breast-milk by this stage.

Only one third of British women breastfeed for the recommended six months CREDIT: ANTHONY DEVLIN

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In areas where the vouchers were trialed breastfeeding rates at eight weeks old were just 28 percent, but that rose to 34 per cent with the incentives. Researchers estimate that raising breastfeeding levels could save the NHS £17 million or 24 million dollars each year, because it protects babies from infections.

However experts warned that there were major problems with the study.

Andrew Whitelaw, Emeritus Professor of Neonatal Medicine at The University of Bristol, said: “The trial design could not avoid the possibility that an economically deprived mother would be tempted to report she was breastfeeding (when she was not) in order to receive a 200 pound reward.

“This trial is worth publishing because it highlights the difficulties in researching this problem but is not a justification for a general policy of economically rewarding mothers who reporting breastfeeding in areas with low breastfeeding rates.”

Image result for Paying Low-Income Moms to Breastfeed Might Raise Breastfeeding Rates, But Is It Ethical?

Paying Low-Income Moms to Breastfeed Might Raise Breastfeeding Rates, But Is It Ethical?

By Elissa Strauss

Before we start paying moms to breastfeed, we should be making sure they can afford to take time off after childbirth.

Thinkstock/bmcent1

The benefits of breastfeeding are often exaggerated, but everyone can agree that women should have the resources to breastfeed their infants if they so choose. Unfortunately, many women don’t have those resources, which is part of the reason that low-income women are far less likely to breastfeed than their wealthier counterparts. (Cultural norms also play a role.) Public health advocates are constantly seeking new ways to boost breastfeeding rates among this population and have implemented a variety of educational and support programs in order to do so.

One of the largest efforts to get more low-income women to breastfeed is part of the Women, Infants, and Children Program. This federal nutrition assistance program, which serves around 8 million moms and young children, incentivizes breastfeeding by offering those who do it “a greater quantity and variety of foods” and “longer participation in the program.” Now a new study, recently published in Pediatrics, explores what would happen if WIC upped the ante and gave breastfeeding moms a cash bonus as well. The study’s authors found that this extra compensation was effective in raising breastfeeding rates, but questions about the ethics of cash incentives remain.

For the study, a team of researchers, led by Dr. Yukiko Washio of Christiana Care Health System and the University of Delaware in Newark, divided 36 low-income, Puerto Rican new mothers enrolled in WIC into two groups. Half of them would receive cash incentives to breastfeed totaling up to $270 over the course of six months; the other half would not. At one month, 89 percent of women who were being paid were still breastfeeding, compared with 44 percent of mothers who were not being paid. At three months, the percentage of the cash group who were still breastfeeding remained the same, while the control group’s breastfeeding rates declined to 17 percent. When the babies were six months old, 72 percent of the mothers receiving payments were still breastfeeding, while none of the mothers in control group were.

The study’s authors offer a few caveats about the results. First, the sample size was too small to draw any big conclusions, and the program should be tested with a larger group of women before any large-scale program is implemented. And the health effects of the incentives were unclear—the study found was no significant difference in emergency room visits between the two groups. However, the authors predict that a rise in breastfeeding stemming from cash incentives would lead to better health outcomes for infants, which could save $17 million in healthcare costs and allow WIC to spend more of its budget on food rather than formula. (Formula is currently the most expensive line-item in the program’s budget.) Future studies should carefully track infants’ health outcomes to ensure that they are benefiting from breast-milk. Lastly and importantly, the authors acknowledge that more research should be done on the psychological effects the cash incentives have on the mothers who receive them. What’s effective isn’t always benign, especially when money is involved.

Image result for breastfeeding and money

In an accompanying editorial in Pediatrics, Dr. Lydia Furman of Case Western Reserve University and Rainbow Babies and Children’s Hospital in Cleveland, Ohio questions whether these payments end up coercing low-income women into breastfeeding, including those who would otherwise have chosen not to. However, she ultimately concludes that such interventions can be “ethically defensible and socially responsible” if they manage to “level the playing field” for low-income women.

A small part of me loves the idea of women given cash for breastfeeding. It de-romanticizes the act, stripping it of its associations with beauty and instinct and acknowledging what it is for most women: hard work. But a bigger part of me sees red flags. Would a cash incentive program make the notoriously frustrating and prescriptive WIC even more stressful for low-income mothers? Would it encourage other adult household members to pressure moms to breastfeed? Also, would it push moms to prioritize providing their children with breastmilk, whether by way of boob or pump, above all other aspects of infant care? I know and have read about many women for whom the pressure to breastfeed was so stressful that it interfered with their ability to bond with their babies.                                                             Image result for breastfeeding takes commitment 

Breastfeeding is a huge commitment and can be extremely taxing, particularly if a woman works shortly after childbirth or has other young children to take care of. Incentives like the ones offered in the study might work for some women in some scenarios, but I am not sure they make sense for most low-income American women considering everything else they are up against. In a country where so many go without paid leave and affordable childcare, giving breastfeeding women a little pocket money for their efforts feels more like a shortsighted stopgap than a promising long-term solution.(Nicola Slawson)

The Other-side of The Study (Interview of the co-author and a participant) 

The studies co-author Mary Renfrew, a professor of mother and infant health at the University of Dundee, said the incentive scheme had been designed together with women and staff to make sure it was feasible and appropriate and that breastfeeding support services were widely available in all the areas where the trial took place.

She said it was the first large-scale study to show an increase in breastfeeding in communities where rates have been low for generations, adding that it can be particularly difficult for women to breastfeed “without strong family and community support because of strong societal barriers”.

Community midwife Anahi Wheeldon, from Sheffield, said the scheme had helped normalise breastfeeding in areas where women found it embarrassing.

Fiona Sutcliffe, 29, from Sheffield, who took part in the trial with her daughter, said: “Breastfeeding is quite difficult in the beginning. The scheme is a really good way of keeping going – keeping motivated to stay on track rather than giving up and going for the bottle. It provides little milestones, little stepping stones and helps you get breastfeeding established.”

In Conclusion

For some moms, breastfeeding is difficult in the beginning and then it gets easier. For others, the battle is fought for months before deciding to stop. But whether you nursed for one day or four years, the whole experience isn’t without struggle. And those who say different are lying. Or need a roundhouse kick to the boobs.(mom.me.com)

  • When feeding it only hurts for the first few seconds, then it’s fine (which I’ve been told is normal)
  • He’s been cluster feeding – think 20 mins of every hour today the little mister has been feeding
  • Physically, breastfeeding: hurts If your baby isn’t latching properly, then it can get extremely painful. Not just during the feed but after. I’ve had moments where the feeling of the sheets rubbing against my boobs was enough to make me jump. 

  • Mentally breastfeeding is draining

    After all of the above, you’re then at the point where you’re wondering if all of this is actually working. There’s the stats you need to be monitoring:

    • How many nappy changes you’re doing each day to show that baby is getting enough
    • How much weight he’s gaining
    • If you’re pumping, how much your pumping
    • Do you have a big enough supply? If not, better get pumping/eating biscuits and praying(kelsbells.id.au)
  • “The hardest part was frequent nursing, mostly for comfort, and it felt like she was attached to my boob 24/7.” – Miranda D.

Lastly in the words of a women that goes by the tag, Polwig: “You get your routine with time and it does become easier just because you are used to it. If you can deliver naturally you can definitely nurse for a year, it is less of a commitment. I exclusively nursed my twins for 2 1/2 years and the only pointer that I have is use the pump as much as you can. I did have to have a lot more milk then average mom but I pumped and served a bit also (when they were a bit older). That way my husband was able to take one of the night feedings and I could go grocery shopping without worry about kids getting hungry. My freezer was full of milk so when the kids’ needs dramatically increased I was prepared before my body was and therefor not too stressed out about them going hungry.”(www.mamanatural.com).

Back to the original question “Should Women Be Paid To Breastfeed Their Children?” I don’t know, However there are some great arguments for and against it,  and while we are discussing this, another 100 to 500 babies will be born and need to be feed, nurtured, and loved.  I say Ladies: “Your Body Your Chose!!!!”

20 Breastfeeding Benefits for Mom and Baby                                           Image result for breastfeeding benefits

 

Reduced ear infections? Check. Lower risk for asthma? Yup. Bump in IQ? Sure. Breastfeeding your baby brings all these benefits—plus a whole lot more.

 

  1. A healthier baby

“The incidences of pneumonia, colds and viruses are reduced among breastfed babies,” says infant-nutrition expert Ruth A. Lawrence, M.D., a professor of pediatrics and OB-GYN at the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry in Rochester, N.Y., and the author of Breastfeeding: A Guide for the Medical Profession (Elsevier-Mosby). Gastrointestinal infections like diarrhea—which can be devastating, especially in developing countries—are also less common.

 

  1. Long-term protection, too

Breastfeed your baby and you reduce his risk of developing chronic conditions, such as type I diabetes, celiac disease and Crohn’s disease.

 

  1. Stronger bones

According to Lawrence, women who breastfeed have a lower risk of postmenopausal osteoporosis. “When a woman is pregnant and lactating, her body absorbs calcium much more efficiently,” she explains. “So while some bones, particularly those in the spine and hips, may be a bit less dense at weaning, six months later, they are more dense than before pregnancy.”

 

  1. Lower SIDS risk

Breastfeeding lowers your baby’s risk of sudden infant death syndrome by about half.

 

  1. Fewer problems with weight

It’s more likely that neither of you will become obese if you breastfeed him.

 

  1. A calorie incinerator

You may have heard that nursing burns up to 500 calories a day. And that’s almost right. “Breast milk contains 20 calories per ounce,” Lawrence explains. “If you feed your baby 20 ounces a day, that’s 400 calories you’ve swept out of your body.”

 

  1. It’s good for the earth

Dairy cows, which are raised in part to make infant formula, are a significant contributor to global warming: Their belching, manure and flatulence (really!) spew enormous amounts of methane, a harmful greenhouse gas, into the atmosphere.

 

  1. Better healing postdelivery

The oxytocin released when your baby nurses helps your uterus contract, reducing postdelivery blood loss. Plus, breastfeeding will help your uterus return to its normal size more quickly—at about six weeks postpartum, compared with 10 weeks if you don’t breastfeed.

 

  1. Less risk of cancer

Breastfeeding can decrease your baby’s risk of some childhood cancers. And you’ll have a lower risk of premenopausal breast cancer and ovarian cancer, an often deadly disease that’s on the rise.

 

  1. An unmatched feeling of power

“It’s empowering as a new mother to see your baby grow and thrive on your breast milk alone,” Lawrence says.

 

  1. A custom-made supply

Formula isn’t able to change its constitution, but your breast milk morphs to meet your baby’s changing needs. Colostrum—the “premilk” that comes in after you deliver—is chock-full of antibodies to protect your newborn baby. “It’s also higher in protein and lower in sugar than ‘full’ milk, so even a small amount can hold off your baby’s hunger,” says Heather Kelly, an international board-certified lactation consultant in New York City and a member of the Bravado Breastfeeding Information Council’s advisory board.

When your full milk comes in (usually three to four days after delivery), it is higher in both sugar and volume than colostrum—again, just what your baby requires. “He needs a lot of calories and frequent feedings to fuel his rapid growth,” Kelly explains. “Your mature milk is designed to be digested quickly so he’ll eat often.”

 

  1. More effective vaccines

Research shows that breastfed babies have a better antibody response to vaccines than formula-fed babies.

 

  1. A menstruation vacation

Breastfeeding your baby around the clock—no bottles or formula— will delay ovulation, which means delayed menstruation. “Breastfeeding causes the release of prolactin, which keeps estrogen and progesterone at bay so ovulation isn’t triggered,” Kelly explains.

“When your prolactin levels drop, those two hormones can kick back in, which means ovulation—and, hence, menstruation—occurs.”

Even if you do breastfeed exclusively, your prolactin levels will eventually drop over the course of several months. Many moms who solely nurse will see their periods return between six and eight months after delivery, Kelly adds; others don’t for a full year.

 

  1. Less time off work

Your baby will be ill less often, so that means fewer sick days for you.

 

  1. It’s cheap!

According to La Leche League International, the cost of formula can range anywhere from $134 to $491 per month. That’s $1,608 to $5,892 in one year!

 

  1. A great way to learn about your baby

“You have to read your baby’s ‘satiety cues’ a little better, because unlike with a bottle, you can’t see how much he’s eaten,” Kelly says. “You have to rely on your own instincts and your baby’s behavior to know when your baby is full.”

 

  1. You can stash the condoms—for now

Breastfeeding can be 98 percent to 99 percent effective as a post-baby birth control option if a few guidelines are followed: Your period must not have resumed; you must breastfeed at least every four hours around the clock; you must not give your baby any pacifiers, bottles or formula; and you must be less than six months postpartum.

According to Kelly, nighttime feedings are the most important to the “lactation amenorrhea method,” so do not let your baby (or yourself ) sleep through a feeding. “Going long stretches at night without nursing seems to be directly responsible for the return of ovulation,” she says. Prematurely sleep training your baby can also hasten ovulation.

 

  1. There’s nothing easier

Simply pull up your shirt and nurse. Breast milk is always available and always at the right temperature.

 

  1. Benefits for all

According to a study published in the journal Pediatrics, the United States would save about $13 billion per year in medical costs if 90 percent of U.S. families breastfed their newborns for at least six months.

 

  1. Better friendships

“Breastfeeding helps cultivate relationships with other moms,” Kelly says. Whether it’s talking about parenting styles, nighttime feedings or engorgement, nursing allows women to forge positive postpartum relationships. Adds Kelly, “Women are supposed to be sitting together, nursing and taking care of babies.”(www.fitpregnancy.com)

 

 

 

 

 

Don’t Stop Being A Friend, Respect Yourself, and Never Make Room For Bullies!!!

Bullying Treatment

Meme, Jane, and Sally, were all best friends in high school, and they were so close they did everything together, they were so close that they started mimicking each other like: finishing each others sentences, liking the same things, and trying the same things.  They were so close that they started dressing like each other this came about with an announcement in school one day, it said, ” Next week is “Homecoming Week” all week students can wear school color, school shirts, and carry school banners, during homecoming week there is a Pep Rally, A Homecoming Game and  A Homecoming Dance, we would like all students to participate. Tickets to game and dance $22.00, in the main office.   At lunch the friends met at their favorite lunch table, and one-by-one they started talking: Jane said “did you hear that!!!” Sally said “Yes!!”  Meme said “Wow, Yes,” she continued,” and I have a good Idea, how about we dress alike for homecoming week.” Jane and Meme said with a united “Yeah.” So over the week end they talked and talked and talked about what cloths they would wear all week.

Image result for Homecoming week                              By Sunday, Jane called Meme and said “I’m so tired of the fighting, with Sally, have you noticed that me and you are choosing to wear the same thing, but Sally keep interrupting and changing things,” she continued, “So I say, that we wear what she wants to wear all week, but at the dance, me and you will wear the same things, and leave her out.” Feeling uncomfortable Meme says” Hey that’s not nice, she’s our friend too,”  “and I don’t like it.”  Jane said “well if you don’t want too, I can find someone else to do it, maybe even Sally?” Then Meme felt scared and intimidated that she would lose both friend, so she agreed to do it.  So Monday when the best friends got together to have lunch, Sally came with a bag, Meme and Jane were confused and Jane said “what in the bag?” Sally said “I brought “T” shirts for us to wear” tomorrow, she said, as she pulled all three of the shirts out of the bag.  As Jane and Meme looked at the front of the shirts, and Sally said “if  you put them all together they read: Best Friends Forever !!!”  Jane and Meme gazed at the shirts feeling Guilt and Shame,  and Meme leaned over to Jane and said: “Hey let’s not do the game and dance thing?” and Jane answered “Stick to the plan!!!” Giving her an anger look as she grabbed her shirt and walked away.

Image result for matching 3 bff shirts

The rest of the week for the girls went fine, no more close calls, however on Thursday Jane and Meme was doing everything to avoid Sally, they: didn’t go to lunch, they avoided her in class, and they didn’t meet at third period in their favorite spot in the restroom.  Meme remembering what Jane said : “NO SLIP-UPS” Meanwhile, Sally was looking all over the place for her friends, and said to herself, “Where Are They?”  Then while eating by herself in the lunchroom she hears: about the way Jane and Meme were trying to avoid her, so now shes mad and with all the aggression of anger, she is looking for THEM!!!

Its Friday night and Meme is waiting outside of the stadium, looking for Jane, She ask a friend “hey guys have you seen Jane?  The friend respond, I don’t know where Jane is, but I Sally is in the bleaches. Looking around another time, she spots Jane, Meme started running to her she shouts: “Jane” “Jane,” “Over Here.”    Jane turns to the voice and notices it Meme.  They hugged and started walking to their seats in the bleacher, Sally noticed from a distance that they were dressed alike and they didn’t have the courtesy to give her a advance notice. Sally was very hurt as they sat in the seats next to her, Sally immediately stood up and said it: “Jane and Meme, you are suppose to be my friends”, but today I realize that I have to be my own friend, and not allowing you to hurt me and feel out of place because you guys didn’t show me kindness by telling about today’s dress and avoiding me all yesterday. that behavior  told me that you guy didn’t considering my feeling.”  “So here’s what I’m going to do.” She deleted their numbers from her phone, took off her B.B.F. T Shirt and asked them politely to never call or talk to her again except to say hello, and she finished by saying: “because of you two are the worst type of  bullies,” “The Kind that  stab a friend in the back.”

What Is Bullying                                Image result for What is  a bully

Bullying is unwanted, aggressive behavior among school aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance. The behavior is repeated, or has the potential to be repeated, over time. Both kids who are bullied and who bully others may have serious, lasting problems.

In order to be considered bullying, the behavior must be aggressive and include:

  • An Imbalance of Power: Kids who bully use their power—such as physical strength, access to embarrassing information, or popularity—to control or harm others. Power imbalances can change over time and in different situations, even if they involve the same people.
  • Repetition: Bullying behaviors happen more than once or have the potential to happen more than once.

Bullying includes actions such as making threats, spreading rumors, attacking someone physically or verbally, and excluding someone from a group on purpose.

Types of Bullying                                Image result for types of bullies

There are three types of bullying:

  • Verbal bullying is saying or writing mean things. Verbal bullying includes:
    • Teasing
    • Name-calling
    • Inappropriate sexual comments
    • Taunting
    • Threatening to cause harm
  • Social bullyingsometimes referred to as relational bullying, involves hurting someone’s reputation or relationships. Social bullying includes:
    • Leaving someone out on purpose
    • Telling other children not to be friends with someone
    • Spreading rumors about someone
    • Embarrassing someone in public
  • Physical bullying involves hurting a person’s body or possessions. Physical bullying includes:
    • Hitting/kicking/pinching
    • Spitting
    • Tripping/pushing
    • Taking or breaking someone’s things
    • Making mean or rude hand gestures

Where and When Bullying Happens

Bullying can occur during or after school hours. While most reported bullying happens in the school building, a significant percentage also happens in places like on the playground or the bus. It can also happen travelling to or from school, in the youth’s neighborhood, or on the Internet.

Frequency of Bullying                                              Image result for frequency of bullying

There are two sources of federally collected data on youth bullying:

  • The 2014–2015 School Crime Supplement – PDF (National Center for Education Statistics and Bureau of Justice Statistics) indicates that, nationwide, about 21% of students ages 12-18 experienced bullying.
  • The 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) indicates that, nationwide, 20% of students in grades 9–12 report being bullied on school property in the 12 months preceding the survey.

See also “Frequency of Cyberbullying.”

Content last reviewed on September 28, 2017

 (Stopbulling.Gov)

The word “bully” was first used in the 1530s meaning “sweetheart”, applied to either sex, from the Dutch boel “lover, brother”, probably diminutive of Middle High German buole “brother”, of uncertain origin (compare with the German buhle “lover”). The meaning deteriorated through the 17th century through “fine fellow”, “blusterer”, to “harasser of the weak”. This may have been as a connecting sense between “lover” and “ruffian” as in “protector of a prostitute”, which was one sense of “bully” (though not specifically attested until 1706). The verb “to bully” is first attested in 1710. (Wikipedia) However today it has no flowery word when we speak of a bully: they are mean, intimidating, unkind, hurtful people that are selfish and cruel. They use any person, group, or device to cause as much pain as possible to bring hurt to anyone or thing that’s in their terrible clutches. It many type of bullies: the cyber-bully, social, verbal,  and physical and they all have the same tactic and cruel way. So:

Image result for how to stop a bully Inspired by Christine N.

What??? Window Blinds Again???: Yes Window Blind Are Still A Danger To Children

Image result for Dangerous Blind cords

I was talking to my best friend about children and blinds, as a hazard yesterday and she said “Blinds have been a hazard for as long as when my kids were born, and now my kids have kids.” She continued  “The problem is, that we are  “the happy go lucky American”, “believing ourselves to be invincible or that bad things including crime, and murder only happen do bad, poor or sinful people,” that are not us, because we pray EVERY morning.” 

This might be the way she see thing, and it might think like some of us, because bad things and not so comfortable thing happen all of people regardless of our class, position, or religious standing.  No matter how “prayed up you are” bad thing happen to all people, and if that’s true that means, that all our children can be at risk to this “Cord Killer”.  We need to recognize and realize that cords on blinds doesn’t just kill one group in the world,  it kills kids in all walks of society, and this is not a group issue it’s society issue.  And as a Societal  Issue we need to, go out into the streets and cry-out about it and start a campaigns, that represent the fact that “small live matter” or “our child’s live” matter and bring a resolution to this problem. 

Stopping this Insanity and force all blind makers to come up with a solution to this problem, or we will just find other way to adorn our windows, and lately stop buying blinds all together.  Here’s a suggestion of our demands: That they add a safety measurement to the cords or eliminate the cord altogether.   Because we are tired of this silent killer.  Its a very big problem and it can be in your city, in your neighborhood or as close as right next door.  It’s a huge the problem, and I found these four are articles to allow your to see the gravity of this threat and how dire it is!!!!

Image result for Dangerous Blind cords

1. What Window Blinds: Yes Window Blind Are A Danger To Children!!!

(CNN)Nearly one child dies every month and about two are injured every day in window blind-related incidents, according to a new study.

From 1990 to 2015, nearly 17,000 children younger than 6 were treated in emergency rooms for window-blind related injuries, according to the research, published Monday in the medical journal Pediatrics.

The study analyzed data from two national databases that collect hospital and field investigation information. It showed most injuries were minor and did not require hospitalization; the most common injuries involved being struck by a window blind, such as being hit by a falling blind, or when a blind is pulled onto a person.

But entanglement — which accounted for 11.9% of all cases — was associated with nearly 80% of 726 hospitalizations and more than 94% of 271 deaths of children during that period.

Almost all the cases of entanglement involved window blind cords.

Dr. Gary Smith, director of the Center for Injury Research and Policy at Nationwide Children’s Hospital in Columbus, Ohio, noted that there are voluntary safety standards for window coverings, and past recalls of specific types of blinds.

But Smith, the senior author of the study, wants it to be mandatory for window blind manufacturers to sell blinds with unexposed or inaccessible cords.

3-year-old dies after tragic window blind cord accident

”The reason we are making this statement is simply because the current approach is not working, despite having a voluntary standard in place for many years,” Smith said.

According to the study, almost all the entanglements occurred at home, especially in bedrooms or the living room.

Almost 90% occurred when children were under the care of parents, but almost none of the entanglements had a witness. Rather, children had gone to bed, were playing or watching TV unsupervised, often just for a few minutes.

Entanglement can be silent, quick and deadly, Smith noted.

Toddlers and preschoolers are at particular risk, Smith said, as they have new mobility and curiosity, but are less likely to recognize potential dangers, or be able to free themselves.

The study said that many parents are familiar with the dangers of having exposed cords on blinds, but far fewer choose to replace them.

“Designing the problem out of existence” could be the most effective approach to prevent injuries, Smith said.

Changing safety standards

A voluntary safety standard for window covering manufacturers has been in place since 1996, and has been revised several times since then, the study said.

In 2014, the US Consumer Product Safety Commission unanimously approved a petition to develop a mandatory standard that would eliminate window blind cords that are accessible to children. According to the commission, mandatory rulemaking remains in the first stage. 

Image result for dangeriou crib bumpers

Stop using crib bumpers, doctors say    

In 2017, the Window Covering Manufacturers Association proposed revising the voluntary standard to require “stock” products to be cordless or have inaccessible cords. This would apply to pre-made blinds purchased in stores or online, which make up more than 80% of the US market, according to a statement from the manufacturers association.

Corded blinds would still be available in custom products.

The updated voluntary standard awaits final approval, but the manufacturers association statement said companies selling window coverings in the US and Canada will likely be required to comply in the fourth quarter of 2018.

“This will be a major step forward in protecting children,” according to a statement from the safety commission. “CPSC recommends that consumers buy and install cordless or inaccessible cord window coverings in homes where children live or visit.”

The manufacturers association also suggests buyers look for the “Best for Kids” certification label. Products with the label are submitted to a third-party test laboratory to determine if they meet safety criteria.

Safe environments for kidsImage result for Safe Child environment

Linda Kaiser, founder and executive director of Parents for Window Blind Safety, said it’s well-known that window blinds can lead to injuries in children, but the advice to use safety kits, parental supervision or “just tying up” cords is still out there. It’s not enough, she said.

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“We have to tell consumers and parents, we have to get rid of (cords),” Kaiser said. “The industry has made some step forwards but they still have some steps to do.

The non-profit organization was not involved in the study, but was among the groups that petitioned the safety commission for a mandatory standard.

“I believe in my heart a mandatory rule is best,” Kaiser said.

Smith, from Nationwide Children’s Hospital, said they remind people that “the best parents in the world can’t watch their kids every second, so the best way to do it is to provide safe environments.

“The fact is any steps short of removing blinds from home can still put a child in harms way.”(CNN)

2. Window blind cord danger to small children                                  Image result for blind safety

Small children have died after becoming tangled in looped blind cords.  If you have window blinds with looped cords or chains, see the steps which can be taken to minimise this strangulation risk.

How to reduce the risk of strangulation

To reduce the risk from window blinds with looped cords and chains, the actions listed below are recommended:

  • install blinds that do not have a cord, particularly in a child’s bedroom, where most deaths have happened.  For example, install wand or spring operated blinds.  Cords ending in a loop are particularly dangerous
  • pull-cords on curtains and blinds should be kept short and out of reach of children
  • tie up the cords or use one of the many cleats, cord tidies, clips or ties that are available
  • where cords cannot be cut or tied down, a tension device can be used to pull the cord tight and secure it to the floor or wall
  • do not place a child’s cot, bed, playpen or highchair near a window or patio door where a child can reach a curtain or blind cord
  • keep sofas, chairs, tables, shelves or book cases away from windows to prevent children climbing up and reaching curtains or blind cords.

It is not recommended that cords are cut short as a temporary solution.  Instead it is recommended that preventative action is taken which results in a permanent fix that will keep the cord out of the reach of children.  In addition, do not hang toys or objects that could be a hazard on the cot or bed and do not hang drawstring bags where a small child could get their head through the loop of the drawstring.(bromley.gov.uk)

3. New study emphasizes the dangers of window blind cords

Meghan Holohan                                           Image result for blind safety

TODAY Contributor

Most people don’t look at the cords hanging from their window covers and see danger. But the Walla family does. That’s because 15 years ago, a then-3-year-old Gavin Walla became entangled in the cords of a blind and came close to dying. A new study in the journal Pediatrics confirms what the Wallas have long known — window covering cords are hazardous.

“We’ve known about this problem since the 1940s, yet we continue to see these deaths. This is simply unacceptable because we know how to prevent them,” said Dr. Gary Smith, director of the Center for Injury Research and Policy at Nationwide Children’s Hospital and author of the study, in a statement.

The study found that over 26 years emergency departments treated almost 17,000 children for strangulation from window covering cords. Of those cases, 271 children died.

Gavin Walla was lucky that his mom spotted him when she did and untangled him from the blinds. She inadvertently captured Gavin’s accident in a harrowing video. The family shares the video to educate others about the dangerous of window covering cords.

“I could have died from that very small thing,” Gavin Walla told TODAY.

Courtesy of the Walla family

Gavin doesn’t remember anything about how he became entangled in a window covering cord. More than 15 years later, he hopes others learn of the dangers of cords.

“I don’t know how long he was there,” Gavin’s mom, Nicci Walla, of Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin, told TODAY. “I was probably in the other room for three to five minutes before I caught him.”

Walla said she was making chocolate milk in the kitchen when she spotted her almost 1-year-old twins playing in the living room. She grabbed her video camera, and as she walked across the room recording them, she noticed a disturbing image: Gavin, hanging lifelessly, with a window cord wrapped around his neck.

Walla dropped the camera and shouted for help. She dialed 911. Somehow, she managed to untangle her son.

“He was just barely up on his tippy toes, and we think that saved his life,” she said. “If he had been a shorter kid it wouldn’t have been the same outcome. He probably held himself up by his feet.”

At the time, Walla thought she had childproofed her entire home. She had outlet covers, locks for the toilet, locks for the cupboards — she’d even tossed the cords over the rod to keep them away from small hands. But Gavin got stuck in them anyway.

Courtesy of the Walla family

More than 15 years ago, Nicci Walla found son, Gavin, hanging lifelessly from the window blind cords. The hope other families will learn from their tragic accident and use cordless blinds.

Since then, the Wallas have become advocates against window covering cords.

“Very smart, very strong children, they are adventurous and will climb. And man, we got into trouble with that with Gavin,” Walla said.

“My mother was recording a childhood video,” said Gavin, who’s an 19-year-old college sophomore now. “She was a responsible mother. It happened to her. And it can happen to anyone.”

Gavin came away from his near-strangulation with petechiae — broken blood vessels around his mouth and eyes — and a red mark around his neck that took almost a month to fade. Luckily, his injuries weren’t more serious.

But Elsie Mahe was not as fortunate. The 3-year-old daughter of former NFL running back Reno Mahe and his wife, Sunny, a volleyball star at Brigham Young University, was found strangled to death by a mini-blind cord at home in November 2016.

Window cords account for a child’s death roughly once a month, and they present a risk for children as old as 9, the CPSC says.

“Window covering cord strangulation is a persistent, but hidden danger,” said Kim Dulic, a press and public affairs officer at CPSC. She said three manufacturers — Target, Select Blinds and Ikea — offer cordless window coverings. By 2018, she said, that list will expand to include Wal-Mart, Lowe’s and Home Depot.

Courtesy of the Walla family

More than 15 years ago, Nicci Walla found son, Gavin, hanging lifelessly from the window blind cords. The hope other families will learn from their tragic accident and use cordless blinds.                    Image result for blind safety

The CPSC provided a statement to TODAY saying the agency “believes this will be a major step forward in protecting children. CPSC recommends that consumers buy and install cordless or inaccessible cord window coverings in homes where children live or visit.”

Smith, the author of the study, believes that all window covers should be cordless because voluntary recommendations have not done enough to protect children.

“There are affordable cordless blinds and shades on the market now that are safe. What we need is for all manufacturers to simply eliminate accessible cords in their products. That’s the solution,” he said. “No parent can watch their child every second of every day. That’s why it’s important to couple supervision with products that are safe for children.”

A spokesperson for the Window Covering Manufacturers Association told Erika Edwards of NBC News in a statement:

“The window covering industry has been working diligently to reduce the strangulation risk posed by certain corded window coverings. In fact, the most significant change to the window covering safety standard since its inception in 1996 is in its final stage of approval. The newest revision of the safety standard … will require more than 80 percent of all window covering products sold in the U.S. and Canada to be cordless or have inaccessible cords,” Paul Nathanson said. “Consumers today can look for the ‘Best for Kids’ certification label to identify cordless window covering options.”

The safety changes mean that only custom window blind orders will have dangling cords, Nathanson said, noting that some elderly and mobility-impaired customers still may need cords. But all “stock” products sold in stores should be cordless or have inaccessible cords, the WCMA said.

The CPSC provided a statement to TODAY saying the agency “believes this will be a major step forward in protecting children. CPSC recommends that consumers buy and install cordless or inaccessible cord window coverings in homes where children live or visit.”

The Walla family agrees that cordless window coverings are the only way to make sure children are safe.

“Window blind cords are really super dangerous and shouldn’t be in homes with children,” Walla said.(Today.com)

By ASHLEY WELCH CBS NEWS December 11, 2017, 5:14 AM

4. Window blind cords can be deadly for children, experts warn

Last Updated Dec 11, 2017 12:13 PM EST                                            Image result for blind cords are unsafe experts say

New research serves as a warning about a common household item that can pose a serious safety threat to young children: window blind cords.

A new study published in the journal Pediatrics found that over a 26-year period, nearly 17,000 children were treated in the emergency room for injuries related to window blinds and 271 died, most from strangulation after becoming entangled in the cords.

Jeremy and Carol Eastburn lost their 4-year-old daughter Presley Marie to a window blind cord injury last year.

In an interview with “CBS This Morning,” they said Presley was in the family room watching television alone for about 10 minutes when she made her way to the window and became entangled in the cord attached to the blinds. Carol was on the phone with her husband, who recalled hearing “the most horrible blood curdling scream” when she discovered what had happened.

“It was like all the life had been sucked out of her,” Carol said. As she dialed 911, “I just told Presley, ‘Mommy’s here. Hold on for Mommy. And I love you. I love you. I love you.'”

Little Presley, strangled by the cord, died five days later.

“I miss her holding my face and looking into my eyes, and telling me, you know, how much she loved me,” Carol said.

Tragically, the risk of strangulation has been known about for years.

“We’ve known about this problem since the 1940s. The findings of this study confirm that children continue to die from strangulation on window blind cords. This is unacceptable,” Dr. Gary Smith, the senior author of the study and Director of the Center for Injury Research and Policy at Nationwide Children’s Hospital, told CBS News.

The first reports of window blind injuries were identified in the medical literature as early as 1945. Today’s study looked at window blind-related injuries treated in the ER in children younger than 6 between 1990 and 2015.

Entanglement injuries accounted for nearly 12 percent of all cases. More than 80 percent of all the injuries were to the neck.

Smith said that children between the ages of 1 and 4 are at the greatest risk of injury from window blind cords as they gain mobility and become more curious about their surroundings.

“They are able to reach blind cords, but they do not understand the danger of strangulation and are unable to free themselves once entangled,” he said.

The study “should be a huge wake-up call to the public, to the retailers, to the manufacturers and to parents all over the nation to really see how hazardous the cords on the blinds are,” Linda Kaiser of St. Louis told the Associated Press. Her 1-year-old daughter died from strangulation in 2002 when she pulled a looped hidden cord from a window blind and put it around her neck. Kaiser later formed the advocacy group Parents for Window Blind Safety.

Smith notes that the most serious injuries in the study occurred while the child was under a parent’s supervision and had been left alone for less than 10 minutes while either going to sleep, playing, or watching TV.

“There is a misperception that if we just watch our kids carefully, they will be safe. But even the best parent in the world cannot watch their child every second of every day,” he said. “Young children are quick, curious, and unable to recognize danger. Many parents underestimate these factors. A curious child can quickly get entangled in a window blind cord. This can lead to strangulation within minutes.”

The authors call for the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) to mandate that window blind manufacturers only sell products that do not pose these hazards for children.

Manufacturers say they’re addressing the problem. In a statement, the Window Covering Manufacturers Association says a voluntary process with CPSC will result next year in “the most significant change to the window covering safety standard ever,” with a requirement that all blinds sold in retail stores or online be cordless or have inaccessible cords. They say that change should cover more than 80 percent of products sold.                               

 Image result for blind cords are unsafe experts say

CPSC acting chairman Ann Marie Buerkle says mandatory standards take a long time to develop. “The voluntary standard process is far more nimble and quicker and I’m very encouraged that we’re about to cross the finish line and make sure that we have safe products out in the market place,” she told “CBS This Morning.”

But safety advocates and parents affected say the process is taking too long.

“Are there dead children? Because I would say they haven’t done enough,” Jeremy Eastburn said.

“Safe, affordable cordless blinds and shades are widely available,” Smith said. “A mandatory federal safety standard should be adopted prohibiting the sale of products with accessible cords if the industry is not willing to do this through the voluntary standard process.”                                    Safety 1st Window Blind Cord Wind-Ups, 2pk

Until then, the authors say the best way to keep kids safe is to replace all the blinds that have cords in the home with either cordless blinds, blinds with inaccessible cords, or other types of cordless window coverings, such as interior window shutters, draperies, and curtains.

If replacing all the blinds in the house is not possible, experts suggest starting with windows in the rooms where children spend the most time, such as bedrooms and living rooms, and then replacing others when you can. 

Cribs, beds, couches, and other furniture should also be moved away from windows so children cannot climb on them to get to the window or window blind cords.

“Talk to people at the other places where your child spends time such as the grandparents’ house, child care, or school,” Smith said. “Ask them to also remove window blinds with cords to help keep your child safer.”           

Also Remember: We have solutions, LET’S START USING THEM!!!!:

Rhoost™ Cord Winder in White (2-Pack)Image result for blind cords safe solutions  AND SAVE OUR CHILDREN!!!!

The Robot Change To Fast Food: Will We Get Better Customer Service?

Image result for Robots in fast food

Is the cellphone, Amazon Echo, Google and Alexa, preparing use for future robots host and android friends in the future? Then the future is closer than you think, because today I’m going to introduce you to and tell you about the integration of robots to our fast food industry.  I’m thinking creepy, but if industry has its way, within the next 10-20 years we will not have to worry about: bad customer service anymore because we will have robots making our meal.  Look at the preceding articles I gleaned from the internet:

How robots will transform fast food                                 Image result for Robots in fast food

Visitors to Henn-na, a restaurant outside Nagasaki, Japan, are greeted by a peculiar sight: their food being prepared by a row of humanoid robots that bear a passing resemblance to the Terminator. The “head chef,” incongruously named Andrew, specializes in okonomiyaki, a Japanese pancake. Using his two long arms, he stirs batter in a metal bowl, then pours it onto a hot grill. While he waits for the batter to cook, he talks cheerily in Japanese about how much he enjoys his job. His robot colleagues, meanwhile, fry donuts, layer soft-serve ice cream into cones, and mix drinks. One made me a gin and tonic.

H.I.S., the company that runs the restaurant, as well as a nearby hotel where robots check guests into their rooms and help with their luggage, turned to automation partly out of necessity. Japan’s population is shrinking, and its economy is booming; the unemployment rate is currently an unprecedented 2.8 percent. “Using robots makes a lot of sense in a country like Japan, where it’s hard to find employees,” CEO Hideo Sawada told me.

Sawada speculates that 70 percent of the jobs at Japan’s hotels will be automated in the next five years. “It takes about a year to two years to get your money back,” he said. “But since you can work them 24 hours a day, and they don’t need vacation, eventually it’s more cost-efficient to use the robot.”

This may seem like a vision of the future best suited — perhaps only suited — to Japan. But according to Michael Chui, a partner at the McKinsey Global Institute, many tasks in the food-service and accommodation industry are exactly the kind that are easily automated. Chui’s latest research estimates that 54 percent of the tasks workers perform in American restaurants and hotels could be automated using currently available technologies—making it the fourth-most-automatable sector in the U.S.

The robots, in fact, are already here. Chowbotics, a company in Redwood City, California, manufactures Sally, a boxy robot that prepares salads ordered on a touch screen. At a Palo Alto café, I watched as she deposited lettuce, corn, barley, and a few inadvertently crushed cherry tomatoes into a bowl. Botlr, a robot butler, now brings guests extra towels and toiletries in dozens of hotels around the country. I saw one at the Aloft Cupertino.

Ostensibly, this is worrying. America’s economy isn’t humming along nearly as smoothly as Japan’s, and one of the few bright spots in recent years has been employment in restaurants and hotels, which have added more jobs than almost any other sector. That growth, in fact, has helped dull the blow that automation has delivered to other industries. The food-service and accommodation sector now employs 13.7 million Americans, up 38 percent since 2000. Since 2013, it has accounted for more jobs than manufacturing.

These new positions once seemed safe from the robot hordes because they required a human touch in a way that manufacturing or mining jobs did not. When ordering a coffee or checking into a hotel, human beings want to interact with other human beings — or so we thought. The companies bringing robots into the service sector are betting that we’ll be happy to trade our relationship with the chipper barista or knowledgeable front-desk clerk for greater efficiency. They’re also confident that adding robots won’t necessarily mean cutting human jobs.

he cost of machines, even sophisticated ones, has fallen significantly in recent years, dropping 40 percent since 2005, according to the Boston Consulting Group. Labor, meanwhile, is getting expensive, as some cities and states pass laws raising the minimum wage.

“We think we’ve hit the point where labor-wage rates are now making automation of those tasks make a lot more sense,” Bob Wright, the chief operations officer of Wendy’s, said in a conference call with investors last February, referring to jobs that feature “repetitive production tasks.” Wendy’s, McDonald’s, and Panera are in the process of installing self-service kiosks in locations across the country, allowing customers to order without ever talking to an employee. Starbucks encourages customers to order on its mobile app; such transactions now account for 10 percent of sales. 

Image result for Robots in fast food

Business owners insist that robots will take over work that is dirty, dangerous, or just dull, enabling humans to focus on other tasks. The international chain CaliBurger, for example, will soon install Flippy, a robot that can flip 150 burgers an hour. John Miller, the CEO of Cali Group, which owns the chain, says employees don’t like manning the hot, greasy grill. Once the robots are sweating in the kitchen, human employees will be free to interact with customers in more-targeted ways, bringing them extra napkins and asking them how they’re enjoying their burgers. Blaine Hurst, the CEO and president of Panera, told me that his no-longer-needed cashiers have been tasked with keeping tabs on the customer experience. Panera customers typically retrieve their food from the counter themselves. But at restaurants where they place their orders at kiosks, employees now bring food from the kitchen to their tables. “That labor has been redeployed back into the café to provide a differentiated guest experience,” Hurst said.

How many employees, though, do you need milling about in the café? The early success of the kiosks suggests that, at least when ordering fast food, patrons prize speed over high-touch customer service. Will companies like CaliBurger and Panera see sufficient value in employing human greeters and soup-and-sandwich deliverers to keep those positions around long-term?

 

The experience of Eatsa may be instructive. The start-up restaurant, based in San Francisco, allows customers to order its quinoa bowls and salads on their smartphone or an in-store tablet and then pick up their order from an eerie white wall of cubbies—an Automat for the app age. Initially, two greeters were stationed alongside the cubbies to welcome and direct customers. But over time, customers relied less frequently on the greeters, co-founder and CEO Tim Young told me, and the company now employs a single greeter in its restaurants.

The type of person who orders a grain bowl on an iPhone is perhaps content to forgo a welcoming human face. There may not be enough such people to sustain a business, however, at least not yet. Eatsa announced in October that it was closing its locations in New York City; Washington, D.C.; and Berkeley. Young told me that the problem was the food, not the technology, and that other restaurant chains are interested in deploying Eatsa’s model. The taco salad I ordered was pretty good, though, and, at $8, cheaper than the fare at many other salad chains. I wondered whether the problem wasn’t that Eatsa had crossed the fine line separating efficiency from something out of Blade Runner.

Robots In Californa                                                   Image result for Robots in fast food

Less dystopian was the scene at Zume Pizza, in Mountain View, California, where I watched an assembly line of robots spread sauce on dough and lift pies into the oven. Thanks to its early investment in automation, Zume spends only 10 percent of its budget on labor, compared with 25 percent at a typical restaurant operation. The humans it does employ are given above-average wages and perks: Pay starts at $15 an hour and comes with full benefits; Zume also offers tuition reimbursement and tutoring in coding and data science. I talked with a worker named Freedom Carlson, who doesn’t have a college degree. She started in the kitchen, where she toiled alongside the robots. She has since been promoted to culinary-program administrator, and is learning to navigate the software that calculates nutritional facts for Zume pizzas.

This has typically been the story of automation: Technology obviates old jobs, but it also creates new ones—the job title radiology technician, for example, has been included in census data only since 1990. Transitioning to a new type of work is never easy, however, and it might be particularly difficult for many in the service sector. New jobs that arise after a technological upheaval tend to require skills that laid-off workers don’t have, and not all employers will be nearly as progressive as Zume. A college education helps insulate workers from automation, enabling them to develop the kind of expertise, judgment, and problem-solving abilities that robots can’t match. Yet nearly 80 percent of workers in food preparation and service-related occupations have a high-school diploma or less, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics.

The better hope for workers might be that automation helps the food-service and accommodation sector continue to thrive. Panera’s Hurst told me that because of its new kiosks, and an app that allows online ordering, the chain is now processing more orders overall, which means it needs more total workers to fulfill customer demand. Starbucks patrons who use the chain’s app return more frequently than those who don’t, the company has said, and the greater efficiency that online ordering allows has boosted sales at busy stores during peak hours. Starbucks employed 8 percent more people in the U.S. in 2016 than it did in 2015, the year it launched the app.

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Of course, whether automation is a net positive for workers in restaurants and hotels, and not just a competitive advantage for one chain over another (more business for machine-enabled Panera, less for the Luddites at the local deli), will depend on whether an improved customer experience makes Americans more likely to dine out and stay at hotels, rather than brown-bagging it or finding an Airbnb.

That could be the case. James Bessen, an economist at Boston University School of Law, found that as the number of ATMs in America increased fivefold from 1990 to 2010, the number of bank tellers also grew. Bessen believes that ATMs drove demand for consumer banking: No longer constrained by a branch’s limited hours, consumers used banking services more frequently, and people who were unbanked opened accounts to take advantage of the new technology. Although each branch employed fewer tellers, banks added more branches, so the number of tellers grew overall. And as machines took over many basic cash-handling tasks, the nature of the tellers’ job changed. They were now tasked with talking to customers about products—a certificate of deposit, an auto loan—which in turn made them more valuable to their employers. “It’s not clear that automation in the restaurant industry will lead to job losses,” Bessen told me.

My experience with service bots was mixed. The day I visited the Aloft Cupertino, its robot butler was on the fritz. And when I asked Marriott’s new artificial-intelligence-powered chat system to look up my rewards number, it said it would get a human to help me with that. Neither interaction left me anticipating more-frequent hotel stays. As I wrote this column, however, Starbucks went from being a weekly splurge to a daily routine. The convenience of the app was difficult to pass up: I could place my order while on the bus and find my drink waiting for me when I got to the counter.

One day, I arrived at my local store to find that it had instituted a new policy requiring customers to retrieve mobile orders from a barista. (Apparently things can get a little hairy at the mobile-pickup station during rush hour at some stores.) I didn’t like the change; I’d grown accustomed to frictionless transactions. I started going to a different Starbucks location nearby, where I could pick up my coffee without the interference of a fellow human being.

This article appears in the January/February 2018 print edition with the headline “Iron Chefs.” “The Atlantic”

 

Is this The Future Of Fast Food ?                 Image result for Robots in fast food

The future of fast food? Robots. When it comes to truly efficient service, there’s always the possibility that technology allow restaurants to cut out the human middleman altogether, and let the machines do their jobs. And now, thanks to a group of engineering students at MIT, we might be getting fast food faster than ever.

The concept takes form in Spyce Kitchen, a completely autonomous mini-restaurant that boasts a refrigerator, dishwasher, stovetop, and yes, a robotic chef. Using fresh ingredients, the machine master can serve up an entree in less than five minutes.

Spyce Kitchen is currently in operation at the Cambridge institution, and takes up just 20 square feet of space. To place an order, students can either download a companion app or use the “restaurant’s” touchscreen, whereupon they’ll choose from the five items currently listed on the menu. And just because these are college kids doesn’t mean they can’t put together a pretty delectable lineup — the menu offers shrimp andouille jambalaya, chicken-bacon sweet potato hash, winter veggie mac and cheese, chili-lime beef with sesame rice, and chickpea coconut curry on couscous.

And if you’re not totally into the descriptions listed, you can make adjustments to the ingredients, the sauces, and even the serving sizes. And once you’re satisfied with your order, just grab a bowl and place it under one of the rotating, automated cooking pots that serves up your meal. The pot then makes its way down a conveyor belt to a sink, where it cleans itself, allowing the whole process to start over again.

“Our vision is to transform the meaning of fast food,” the team, comprised of Kale Rogers, Michael Farid, Braden Knight, and Luke Schlueter, told Tech Insider in an email.

Of course, robots in the food industry haven’t always met with success — after all, a restaurant in China did recently get rid of its entire machine staff after realizing they simply couldn’t serve its customers’ needs. But just maybe, this robot kitchen is the McDonald’s alternative we’ve been searching for

Robotic Chefs Are Getting Better—If You Like Fast Food  Image result for Robots Chef

Machines are increasingly able to produce food you may actually be willing to eat. by Jamie Condliffe March 9, 2017

Cordon Bleu chefs needn’t worry about losing their jobs to robots just yet. But a number of startups think that some straightforward culinary tasks could soon be automated in fast food kitchens.

This week, TechCrunch reported that a company called Miso Robotics has developed a new burger-cooking robot called Flippy. The robot arm uses a selection of tools to place patties on a grill, monitor how they’re cooking with cameras and thermal sensors, then drop them onto a bun ready for a human to garnish.

The results aren’t as graceful as a fine-dining chef—rather, patties appear to be dropped onto your bun with the elegance of a trainee burger flipper. But the results have impressed the restaurant chain CaliBurger enough for it to try the technology out in 50 restaurants in the coming two years.

Elsewhere, Silicon Valley startup BeeHex has developed a robot that can 3-D print pizzas. Initially kick-started by NASA funding in an attempt to find new ways to provide food for astronauts, the device squirts out dough, tomato sauce, and cheese to form something resembling a pizza in just one minute, then cooks it for five more. The firm’s stellar aspirations have been abandoned for now, though: instead, the robot will pop up in theme parks and malls over the coming year.

While you’re waiting for your automated dinner to arrive, other robots may be happy to fix you a drink. Cafe X in San Francisco, for instance, will deliver you a steaming coffee via one of its robotic baristas, while Las Vegas is about to get a robotic bartender to whip up cocktails.

What is clear from these machines is that roboticists are making progress in automating food production. In 2015, for instance, we looked at a system that used two robotic arms to make a rudimentary salad—but picking up soft and unpredictably shaped items items is difficult for robots, and mimicking human knife skills is just as tough. Needless to say, the results were only likely to impress if you particularly enjoy thick-cut cucumber.

Instead, the newer robots are designed to bite off more manageable kitchen roles, which makes them more likely to succeed. And, particularly in the case of BeeHex, their developers are unafraid to have them perform the tasks using non-human approaches, which seems to yield positive results. Just don’t ask for a salad yet.

Robots Advance: Automation in Burger Flipping and Beyond   Image result for Robots Chef

In the world of job experience, working at a fast-food restaurant isn’t just about flipping burgers. High school students in particular can develop good skills – from simply showing up on time to learning how to work in a team – that may help them to land a job later on. The only problem: entry-level jobs like these may soon be on the endangered species list. The threat to their existence? Robots.

Cutting Costs

Two years ago, Laura Thompson started working at the Forest City, N.C., Burger King hoping to earn some pocket money. The 18-year old — who recently graduated from Thomas Jefferson Classical Academy in Mooresboro and will start at Wingate University, a local private college, in the fall — runs the drive-through window and is an important part of the restaurant’s team. In May, the fast-food chain presented Thompson with a $5,000 scholarship from the Burger King Scholars program, which she says will pay for her first semester at college.

“Flipping burgers and other entry-level jobs can provide students with some great experience,” says Carol Christen, a Butte, Mont.-based career counselor and co-author of the job-path book, What Color Is Your Parachute? For Teens. “You learn how to deal with people, and you can begin to establish a track record of employment, which is important when you start looking for a full-time job.”

But teens may soon have to look elsewhere for entry-level job experience as some industries develop high-tech alternatives to human workers.

“The work ethic is important, but that’s lacking in many millennials,” Christen says, referring to people born from the late 1980’s to around 2000. “Many of them don’t want to engage in repetitive work, and don’t feel they have to stick to a schedule. The fast-food industry doesn’t want to pay them to learn work ethic on the job, so it is increasingly adopting automation to cut costs.” The result? Robots are replacing humans for some of the most repetitive tasks.

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We turned to high-tech Silicon Valley in California to learn more about this robot revolution. A San Francisco-based company, Momentum Machines, says it has already built a working hamburger-making robot that can do the job of up to three kitchen workers, grilling a beef patty, adding lettuce, tomatoes, pickles and onions and dropping it all on a bun. It can reportedly produce up to 400 hamburgers per hour. “Our device isn’t meant to make employees more efficient,” co-founder Alexandros Vardakostas has said. “It’s meant to completely obviate them.”

There’s a good chance that will happen, according to The Future of Employment, a 2013 Oxford University paper. “Commercial service robots are now able to perform more complex tasks in food preparation, health care, commercial cleaning and elderly care,” write co-authors Carl Benedikt Frey and Michael A. Osborne. “As robot costs decline and technological capabilities expand, robots can thus be expected to gradually substitute for labor in a wide range of low-wage service occupations, where most U.S. job growth has occurred over the past decades.” On a scale of “0” to “1,” where 0 indicates a low probability of humans being replaced by robots or other mechanization, and 1 indicates a high probability, the category of Combined Food Preparation and Serving Workers, including fast food, is rated at .92 — almost certain replacement.

Pressure to boost fast-food workers’ wages — up to $15 an hour in places like New York City, San Francisco, Seattle and Los Angeles — may accelerate the move to automate more jobs. A March report by Cornerstone Capital Group, The Economics of Automation: Quick Serve Restaurant Industry, says that, “automation is currently complementing labor, particularly in the ordering process. Should wage pressure intensify, however, the focus will likely shift and companies will seek to replace labor.”

It’s already happening in countries like Japan, where the Henn-na hotel, near Nagasaki, is using robots for check-in, luggage transport and other tasks. “The implication is that many jobs we once thought would never be mechanized will likely be done by robots,” says Christen.  

It’s closer than you think, one day soon it will be in your backyard, and if you look now in your house: cleaning your carpets, telling you the weather, picking your favorite; movies, songs, and videos. Soon and very soon you will not even have to deal with these bothersome human AGAIN, because you might be able to, buy a friend. Have A Happy  Day!!!!

The Problem With Technology In Today’s Society Image result for Robots in fast food

Technology and social media are slowly ruining our lives.

Tricia Alves Mar 15, 2016

In today’s society, everyone has gotten used to computers and cell phones being our go-to for everything. Yes, technology is great — unbelievable, in fact. It can take us to an unknown location, or give you the answer to a question you’ve been dying to know. But, in the midst of all of the great things it does, it has ruined our society and it’s only getting worse.

Have you ever been to a restaurant and looked around as you sat down and realized that not one person in the restaurant isn’t on their phone? Not just friends and couples, but entire families too! Even four-year-olds are glued to an iPad at dinner while the parents and older siblings are all on their own iPads or iPhones. When was the last time you could look around and see a conversation? People actually talking, with their voices and facial expressions. It sounds crazy, but next time you’re out, look around and see for yourself. Our society has attached themselves to technology and it’s not healthy.

Social Media is an entirely different issue, especially with the upcoming generations. Without Facebook, Snapchat, Twitter, Instagram and more, where would tweens and teenagers find themselves today? They physically cannot function without staying updated with the newest social media craze. News flash: people don’t actually care about your lives that much. What happened to the times of just having Facebook and people would post life goals, college acceptances, and pictures of their vacations? Now, social media is flooded with what people do all day every day and it needs to stop.

There should NOT be an app for people to buy followers and likes on social platforms such as Instagram. Why does that even matter? People should not be judged by how many likes they get on pictures. They should be judged by who they are as an actual person. Are those likes ever real friends? No. It’s pathetic that some people feel the need to actually buy likes. No one should care if you get 15 likes, 50, or even 500. You should be judged by who you are as a person, not who you are on social media, and if people don’t understand, they aren’t worth your time. Let them live in their fake virtual world while you explore and grow as a person in the real world. Trust me, it’s a much better place to spend your time.

Now, no, I’m not saying throw your phones and laptops away and live like a caveman in your backyard. All I’m saying is that maybe we, as a society, need to learn to live less behind screens and more in the real world. Sure, post a picture here and there, or tell your friends and family about the next big thing in your life, but stop the addiction before it gets worse. You never know when it’s going to be your last day, so enjoy life and the people around you, stop being glued to technology all of the time and maybe you’ll just enjoy life a little bit more. (www.theodysseyonline.com)   

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What Is Bitcoin Part 2

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Cont.

What is Bitcoin Mining? A Step-by-Step Guide

As you know, Bitcoin is a digital currency. Currencies need checks and balances, validation and verification. Normally central governments and banks are the ones who perform these tasks, making their currencies difficult to forge while also keeping track of them.

The big difference with Bitcoin is that it is decentralized. If there is no central government regulating it, then how do we know that the transactions are accurate?

How do we know that person A has sent 1 bitcoin to person B?

How do we stop person A from also sending that bitcoin to person C?

The answer is mining.

What is Bitcoin Mining? In Some Ways, Bitcoin Is Like Gold

One of the most common analogies that people use for Bitcoin is that it’s like mining gold. Just like the precious metal, there is only a limited amount (there will only ever be 21 million bitcoin) and the more that you take out, the more difficult and resource intensive it is to find. Apart from that, Bitcoin actually works quite differently and it’s actually quite genius once you can get your head around it. One of the major differences is that mining doesn’t necessarily create the bitcoin. Bitcoin is given to miners as a reward for validating the previous transactions. So how do they do it?

Bitcoin mining requires a computer and a special program. Miners will use this program and a lot of computer resources to compete with other miners in solving complicated mathematical problems. About every ten minutes, they will try to solve a block that has the latest transaction data in it, using cryptographic hash functions.

What are Hash Functions?                                Image result for What are Hash Functions? 

A cryptographic hash function is an essentially one-way encryption without a key. It takes an input and returns a seemingly random, but fixed length hash value.

For example, if you use Movable Type’s SHA-256 Cryptographic Hash Algorithm:

Message: How does mining work?

Hash Value: 46550fef 26f87ddd 5e15407f 45a0b8d2 9513291c 4e0f0acc 24a974de 907a1569

If you change even one letter of the original input, a completely different hash value will be returned. This randomness makes it impossible to predict what the output will be.

How Are Hash Functions Useful For Bitcoin?

Because it is practically impossible to predict the outcome of input, hash functions can be used for proof of work and validation. Bitcoin miners will compete to find an input that gives a specific hash value (a number with multiple zeros at the start). The difficulty of these puzzles is measurable. However, they cannot be cheated on. This is because there is no way to perform better than by guessing blindly.

The aim of mining is to use your computer to guess until it comes up with a hash value that is less than whatever the target may be. If you are the first to do this, then you have mined the block (normally this takes millions and billions of computer generated guesses from around the world). Whoever wins the block will get a reward of 12.5 bitcoins (as long as it becomes part of the longest blockchain). The winner doesn’t technically make the bitcoin, but the coding of the blockchain algorithm is set up to reward the person for doing the mining and thus helping to verify the blockchain.

Each block is created in sequence, including the hash of the previous block. Because each block contains the hash of a prior block, it proves that it came afterward. Sometimes, two competing blocks are formed by different miners. They may contain different transactions of bitcoin spent in different places. The block with the largest total proof of work embedded within it is chosen for the blockchain.

source: Bitcoin.org

This works to validate transactions because it makes it incredibly difficult for someone to create an alternative block or chain of blocks. They would have to convince everyone on the network that theirs is the correct one, the one that contains sufficient proof of work. Because everyone else is also working on the ‘true’ chain, it would take a tremendous amount of CPU power to beat them. One of the biggest fears of Bitcoin is that one group may gain 51% control of the blockchain and then be able to influence it to their advantage, although thankfully this has been prevented so far.

Who Are Bitcoin Miners?                      Image result for Who Are Bitcoin Miners? 

Initially, bitcoin miners were just cryptography enthusiasts. People who were interested in the project and used their spare computer power to validate the blockchain so that they could be rewarded with bitcoin. As the value of bitcoin has gone up, more people have seen mining as a potential business, investing in warehouses and hardware to mine as many bitcoin as possible.

These warehouses are generally set up in areas with low electricity prices, to further reduce their costs. With these economies of scale, it has made it more difficult for hobbyists to profit from Bitcoin mining, although there are still many who do it for fun.

How Bitcoin Mining Works

Where do bitcoins come from? With paper money, a government decides when to print and distribute money. Bitcoin doesn’t have a central government.

With Bitcoin, miners use special software to solve math problems and are issued a certain number of bitcoins in exchange. This provides a smart way to issue the currency and also creates an incentive for more people to mine.

What Is Altcoin                  Image result for What Is Altcoin 

Using our handy guide, you may have already familiarized yourself with the ins and outs of Bitcoin. But aside from bitcoin, there are hundreds of other digital currencies out there. These are known as “altcoins,” or alternatives to bitcoin; for example, ether, ripple, zcash, monero and dash, to name just a few.

Altcoins can differ from Bitcoin in a range of ways. Some have a different economic model or a different coin-distribution method, like altcoins that were given away to all citizens of a country. Others employ different proof-of-work mining algorithms, perhaps to resist specialized mining hardware — or maybe they don’t even rely on proof of work at all. Several altcoins offer a more versatile programming language to build applications on top of, while yet others offer more privacy compared to Bitcoin. And there are also altcoins that serve very specific, non-monetary use cases, like domain name registry or data storage pointers.

However, there are also many altcoins that don’t do much interesting at all. The vast majority of altcoins simply tweak some parameters that don’t matter much, or offer something that may sound useful but isn’t. If, for example, an altcoin has a greater total amount of coins, it just means each individual coin is worth less. If an altcoin finds blocks faster, it only means that a transaction requires more confirmations for a similar level of security.

As such, most altcoins offer no benefit over Bitcoin at all. Plus, they have less hash power securing them, involve fewer developers improving them and are usually less useful due to smaller network effects. And while many altcoins promise useful features, upon closer inspection many of these promises are just that: promises.

This also means that altcoins are typically riskier than Bitcoin. Their exchange rates are often more volatile, and over the years virtually no altcoins have maintained their value against bitcoin; most have come and gone. On top of that, many altcoins can be considered outright scams, mainly created to enrich its inventors and early adopters.

While some altcoins out there can and do perform useful tasks (for example acting in a testnet capacity or offering greater anonymity than bitcoin) and may have a future, many others are exclusively driven by speculation or worse. So make sure to do your research, and buyer beware!

Is Bitcoin anonymous?                      Image result for anonymous

The short answer is no, not entirely. While anonymity indicates that the identity of an actor is unknown, Bitcoin transactions are linked to a specific address and, thus, an “identity.” However, that address does not necessarily have to be tied to a real-life identity. That is why Bitcoin is often described as “pseudonymous.” If a user’s Bitcoin address is tied to their real identity, then it is possible to trace activity back to them. If not, it is possible only to trace activity back to their Bitcoin pseudonym.

Bitcoin’s blockchain-based ledger stores every transaction conducted on the platform forever. The original white paper that launched Bitcoin, “Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System,” encouraged users to change addresses for every transaction to keep them from being linked together and traced to a single user. However, this won’t guarantee full anonymity, as analysis of the public blockchain can link different addresses together. If, then, even one of the addresses is linked to a real-life identity, all of them can be as well.

There are, though, some methods to increase anonymity, or at least make it more difficult to trace an identity back to the user.

Utilizing a mixing service, which will trade certain bitcoins for others with different transaction histories, can eliminate the ability to match inputs and outputs to a single user. But it’s vital that the mixing service does not keep any records itself and can be trusted to return the same amount of bitcoin that it took.

Also, some online wallets have built-in services that help hide identities. For instance, they can pool together all the bitcoins using their service and then give users different ones upon withdrawal. This, of course, requires a large pool and the absence of detailed records kept by the service.

Still, no matter what methods they employ, Bitcoin users will struggle to achieve full anonymity. At most, they can make it very difficult and problematic to connect their real-world identities to their Bitcoin addresses. For many, this pseudonymity is enough.

Bitcoin is Secure?                                               Image result for Bitcoin is Secure?

Bitcoin miners help keep the Bitcoin network secure by approving transactions. Mining is an important and integral part of Bitcoin that ensures fairness while keeping the Bitcoin network stable, safe and secure.

Links

Is Bitcoin A Good Investment?               Image result for Is Bitcoin A Good Investment?  

an investment will likely differ depending on who you ask.

Those with a vision of a fully-distributed future in which the lack of a centralized overseer becomes key to an asset’s value will tell you that, yes, bitcoins are poised to become only more valuable in the future. Others who put more value in the traditional trust afforded by banks and government institutions would likely steer you away from bitcoins as an investment.

While determining how “good” any investment will be is ultimately a guessing game, there are some tried and true ways to determine an asset’s worth. One of the simplest ways to think about bitcoin as an investment is to consider its rise against the U.S. dollar. Recently, bitcoin prices eclipsed $1,000 and have reached beyond $1,500. If you had invested in the digital currency when its worth was still hovering around $150 just a few years ago, or when it was first introduced in 2009 and worth nothing against the dollar, you would probably be convinced that it made for a good investment.

Furthermore, an underpinning concept behind Bitcoin is that there will only ever be 21,000,000 tokens, meaning that it may stay consistently valuable or increase in value relative to other types of currency which can be printed endlessly. Other reasons that the asset seems like a good investment include its growing popularity, network effects, security, immutability and status as the first ever in a growing world of digital currencies.

That being said, there is at least one significant argument for limiting bitcoins to a small portion of your portfolio at the most. Bitcoin is known for stark jumps in price, high peaks and deep valleys that would make it difficult to have confidence in the asset as a long-term money maker that can be depended on. Tying every dime you have to such a volatile asset would be imprudent. A good rule to follow is never to invest more than what you would be willing to lose.

Questions About Bitcoin You Are Afraid To Ask:

Is Bitcoin Unique? 

Nope. There were 1,324 cryptocurrencies listed on CoinMarketCap.com as of Monday. They had a total market capitalization of more than $341 billion, which is almost the size of Johnson & Johnson. But bitcoin is the biggest by far and was the first cryptocurrency.

Why has the price gone crazy?

Simple. Supply and demand. People are buying up bitcoin, driving up the price of the 16.7 million coins in circulation to a total value of $189 billion as of midday Monday.

The floor value of bitcoin is zero. It does not pay interest. There is no asset value attached to it except what the market gives it. It has no central bank supporting it.

What it does have is value, just as gold has had for thousands of years.

Bitcoin has value because a community believes it has value, said Christian Catalini, who studies bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies at MIT. This is not unlike other forms of currency through history. With bitcoin, you are replacing trust in the solvency of a government and its institutions with trust in the codebase, cryptography and incentives used to run the decentralized network, Catalini said.

[Is Washington ready for bitcoin?]

Jay Blaskey, a digital currency specialist at BitIRA, a retirement option for cryptocurrencies, said the biggest driver has been the large institutional acceptance.

“When we saw rumors that Nasdaq will join the bitcoin excitement with a decision to allow futures trading on their exchange next year, it is a sign of greater general acceptance in the financial world,” Blaskey said.

Should I buy some?

Many urge caution, despite its impressive price increase in 2017. Bitcoin is a highly speculative, experimental new type of digital asset. Therefore, there is substantial uncertainty around its future evolution and potential.

“Individuals should not invest any capital that they cannot afford to lose tomorrow,” Catalini said.

“It’s not for the timid,” Blaskey said. “But neither is anything. Great rewards sometimes involve risk.”

Can you do things with it other than speculate?

Bitcoin can be used to buy merchandise anonymously, without a middleman and involving lower or no fees and no banks. It has a use as a currency for those very few businesses that accept it. Websites such as CoinDesk and 99Bitcoins list the names of businesses that accept bitcoin as payment.

It’s not easy because the currency fluctuates wildly.

There’s also a dark side to bitcoin, according to Cornell Law School professor Robert Hockett, a former adviser to the Federal Reserve Bank of New York and the International Monetary Fund.

“People who want their transactions to be difficult to trace — drug dealers, money launderers, hipster anarchists, smugglers and terrorists — like the secrecy that cryptocurrencies facilitate,” Hockett said. ”People should be cautious. The FBI, Homeland Security and other law-enforcement agencies will not continue to watch crime-enabling payments technologies with indifference.”

Just on Monday, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission announced its cyber unit recently filed charges against two organizers of a $15 million initial coin offering, according to CoinDesk.

Who created it?                                          Image result for who created bitcoin

Bitcoin was created by an unknown person in 2009 under the alias of “Satoshi Nakamoto.” The person’s real identity is not known. There are conspiracy theories about who created it.

Where can you trade bitcoin?

On bitcoin exchanges. There are lots of them. BTCChina. Bitstamp. Bitfinex. People can buy and sell using various currencies. Bitcoins are stored in digital wallets that exist in the cloud or on people’s computers.

What is next for bitcoin?

It’s still early.

“Whilst some customer-friendly websites are making it easier, there are still a whole load of people all over the planet who are interested in this asset and cannot find a way to get on board,” Blaskey said. “As this asset becomes an option in traditional portfolios, that will increase the potential demand, and this is a fixed-supply asset.”(Washington Post)

In Conclusion:

Thank you for going with me to the internet and finding out about a this organization that I didn’t realized existed, until I heard about people making four-thousand dollars in one day!!! Money like that, I always gets my attention. Moreover, If you want to know anything else about this Bitcoin, Use the Link I provided at the end of this post, and they should lead you in the right direction. Thank you for listening and enjoy the rest of your day.  Happy Investing or Not!!!!((bitcoinmagazine.com) 

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